2 Cameco Fuel Manufacturing (CFM) is a leading supplier of Fuel Assemblies and Reactor Components for the nuclear industry. Our rigorous commitment to high quality standards combined with more than 50 years of experience and unique capabilities makes Cameco Fuel Manufacturing the Supplier of Choice in the global nuclear industry. Cameco Fuel Manufacturing Inc. Zirconium, Tubing & Reactor Components 200 Dorset Street East, Port Hope Ontario, Canada L1A 3V4 For more information please contact us:
4 Contents 4 CONTENTS EDITORIAL STAFF / 编辑团队 EDITORS / 编辑 Arnaud Lefevre-Baril / 百力 Qi Jia / 戚佳 NEWS / 新闻 Veronica/ 张维佳 TECHNICAL ARTICLES / 科技文章 Qi Jia / 戚佳 EVENTS / 展会会议 Qi Jia / 戚佳 DESIGNER / 设计师 FangHua Design Inc / 芳华设计公司 Interviews Interview with Carmelo Palacios,General Manager at SNGC HAF Certifications Events Calendar DYNABOND POWERTECH SERVICE / 代邦核讯联系方式 Room 1509, Zhongyu Plaza, A6 Gongti North Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China PHONE / 电话 FAX / 传真 / 邮箱 WEBSITE / 网站 Technical Articles Effect of Burnable Absorbers on Inert Matrix Fuel Performance and Transuranic Burnup in a Low Power Density Light-Water Reactor News Highlights of the Month Company News International Cooperation NPP News Disclaimer Nuclear Glossary 76 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the permission of its editors and/or its sources Dynatom is a trademark of Dynabond Powertech Service Co., Ltd.
5 5 Interview of the Month
6 Six Reasons Foreign Companies Fail in Chinese Market 6
7 7 Interview of the Month INTERVIEW Interview with Carmelo Palacios, General Manager at SNGC
8 Interview of the Month 8 Interview with Carmelo Palacios, General Manager at SNGC Dynatom: Good morning/ afternoon, Mr. Palacios. Could you introduce yourself, and tell us about your background, in particular the reason you joined the Polytechnic University of Madrid. Carmelo Palacios:I am a mechanical engineer since the beginning of the 1970s when I got my degree. I have been working all my life in international trade and commerce, specifically after 1976 in the nuclear sector. I enrolled in the Polytechnic University of Madrid in the mid-1960s to study mechanical engineering because during school I was very good in sciences (Physics, Math and so on) and not so good in the other subjects. I liked engineering. Additionally during the 1970s and at the same time that I was working I also studied economics at the Madrid Central University. I got my degree in economics at the end of the 1970s. Dynatom: After your graduation as mechanical engineer, did you join immediately the nuclear market/ ENSA? Carmelo Palacios:I was working for 5/6 years at an international trade company before I joined ENSA in 1976whereI held different positions. The most important were Purchasing Manager and lately Business Development Vice-president. After the downfall of the Soviet Union I worked and coordinated several Spanish companies to help to improve the safety of the Ex-Soviet Nuclear Power Plants through several programs (Tacis, Phare, and also EBRD) and also through swap and barter operations. In the 1980s I visited India many times and we supplied SGs to NPCIL before the Nuclear Supply Group (NSG) banned the supply of these components to India in 1985 and During my time as Business Development Vice President, in addition to commercial, my responsibilities also covered the projects and ENWESA, which is the ENSA services company. Dynatom: Where ENWESA does has its activities? Carmelo Palacios:Mostly in Spain, also in France. Dynatom: Can you tell us more about your achievements in ENSA? Carmelo Palacios:I was responsible for ENSA capacities development in spent fuel transport and storage, for example the cask and rack business and worked in countries like Finland, Korea, the USA, the Chinese mainland and Taiwan and of course Spain. In 2005, with China/Taiwan we finished a very successful turnkey project for the re-racking of the Kuosheng NPP spent fuel pool, including design, manufacture, supply and,most importantly, the erection of the racks under difficult radiological and others conditions using both Spanish and Chinese/Taiwan personnel working together to the total satisfaction of our customer, Taipower. At the beginning of the 2000s,I contributed to the signature of the nuclear agreement between China and Spain. I was the salesperson responsible for the contracts for casks for Daya Bay fuel transport to Lanzhou (contract signed with EEEC
9 9 Interview of the Month and CGNPC), Racks for Lingao 3 and 4 and heat exchangers for Taiwan. I have also been a member of the Spanish Nuclear Society Board and of other Spanish companies. I am currently serving as SNGC General Manager. the SNGC, we have always been open to new value-added collaborations and we are currently studying the possible participation of other partners. We want the new partners to be similar to us, in the way they sell and behave with the market. Dynatom: Before the creation of the SNGC, did you have experience in the Chinese market? Carmelo Palacios:My first visit to China was in 1987 to participate in a Nuclear Exhibition in Beijing and then we took a long trip to visit nuclear installations in Xian, Chengdu and Shanghai. The trip was sponsored by the Chinese Nuclear Society and included about 30 westerners. In ENSA, the first contract was for Qinshan 2 steam generators back in I was a member of the team. Afterwards I was responsible for the contract, in 2002, between ENSA and EEEC for the two transport and storage casks to transport fuel from Daya Bay to Lanzhou, in 2007 for the supply of the spent fuel racks for Lingao 3&4, localizing the fabrication at Xian Nuclear Equipment, and in 2010 for the Taishan heat exchangers. Dynatom: the SNGC was created in 2006 as a result of common marketing needs from three Spanish companies, Tecnatom, ENSA and ENUSA. Can you tell us how this consortium originated? Carmelo Palacios:The three companies were collaborating from time to time in different aspects of the business. We decided to make these collaborations stable as the three original partners have significant potential synergies, which could be capitalized on in the international markets and in China in particular. The SNGC members could benefit from the increase in size resulting from the joint venture as well as from the long-term relationship between them, mainly in the Spanish market. The main objective was clear: offer the Chinese nuclear market an alternative competitive option through the combined capacities of each member company. Dynatom: two years later, Ringo Valves joined the consortium, and since the last 5 years this consortium has four founding partners. Do you have an expansion plan for new partners and members? Carmelo Palacios:Yes, after Ringo Valvulas joined Attending at Nuclear Exhibition at Shanghai Dynatom: can you tell us more about the structure and operation of the SNGC, such as the election of the president? Carmelo Palacios:The SNGC structure is very simple. There are four levels to manage the consortium: Presidents, Board of Directors, Executive Committee and the General Manager. The President rotates yearly from each company. I am the General Manager and I have the full support of the four companies. We have full time employees in China working for us. Dynatom: this consortium represents today 2,000 professionals from the nuclear industry. How the Chinese market impacted the Spanish industry? Carmelo Palacios:The Chinese market has had a significant impact on the Spanish Nuclear Industry as it has enhanced our international position and improved our competitiveness. Our technology has enabled the four companies to be on the cutting edge of the nuclear Industry. Our presence in China has allowed us to develop new business lines (for example: fuel equipment), reinforcing the cooperation among the partners in Spain. It has also offered us the opportunity to gain visibility in front of the Spanish Administration and present
10 Interview of the Month 10 ourselves as relevant actors capable of undertaking complex projects in the international markets. Our activity in China has also served in some cases to increase the workforce with highly qualified employees for demanding projects (Tecnatom control rooms). Finally, we have received important media coverage which is not easy to obtain in other markets. TECNATOM has established in Beijing a representative office and they are in the process of creating a local Chinese subsidiary company (WOFE). From this new company they would be working in the areas of control room and simulator design. On December 11th, the signing ceremony for the contract between TECNATOM and CTEC for the Yangjiang 5 & 6 DCS back-up panel was held in CTEC TECNATOM has established a Joint venture named CITEC for inspections. I may talk later about this. We have held many seminars and workshops for different Chinese companies in which we have transferred and proposed to transfer many of our technologies and international experiences of the four companies. Attending at the 10th China International Exhibition on Nuclear Power Industry The importance of a long-term relationship between companies is that it leads to more confidence and helps to enable new collaboration in future projects. Dynatom: the SNGC is oriented to technology transfer to local organization and international cooperation; can you give us some case studies in China? Carmelo Palacios:We have several examples of technology transfer and cooperation: ENSA has supplied Steam Generators to China for many years. As an example we can mention the collaboration with SENPEC (former Shanghai Boiler Works). In 2000 Ensa supplied 3 SGs for Qinshan phase 2, units 1 and 2 collaborating with SENPEC which manufactured 1 SG. After that in 2008 Ensa manufactured for the same power plant units 3 and 4, one SG and SENPEC made 3 SGs. In 2012 Ensa repeated the same collaboration with SENPEC for Hainan (Changjiang). Recently, Ensa has continued the collaboration with SENPEC in the very challenging project of manufacturing 2 AP1000 SGs for Sanmen2 also with SENPEC. Advanced technology has been used to manufacture the AP1000 SGs. Ensa is supporting SENPEC in the completion of the AP SG at SENPEC s shop. In other areas, ENSA has manufactured the Ling Ao 3&4 racks in CNNC Xi an Nuclear Equipment according to a cooperation agreement between both companies. Dynatom: Basically you match the strategy of the Chinese government: you base your business on technology transfer Carmelo Palacios:Yes we try to follow the market! Dynatom: SNGC aims to provide an integrated offer to Chinese customers, can you tell us for example how Enusa and Tecnatom cooperated with China Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel in Yibin? Carmelo Palacios:ENUSA has supplied jointly with its partner TECNATOM, fuel rod ultrasonic inspection equipment to modernize the fuel manufacturing capabilities of CJNF s Yibin Plant. This has been the first contract for ENUSA in China and it can be considered as a good example of synergies between the SNGC partners and a great achievement in the relationship between CJNF and ENUSA. This relationship began in 2008 with the signature of a MoU and since then this relationship has consolidated over time. Under the contract, ENUSA markets the technology implemented in its Juzbado factory and coordinates the different phases of the project, with TECNATOM as the lead manufacturer. Both companies work together in the final implementation of the technology in Yibin.
11 11 Interview of the Month Dynatom: Do you have the similar cooperation with Baotou? Carmelo Palacios:Not yet, but we are working on that! Dynatom: the four companies participate Candu, VVER, EPR, AP1000, HTR and others type of reactors. Are they actively involved in Qinshan III, Tianwan, Taishan, Sanmen, Haiyang and Shidaowan? of nuclear power plant reactors. According to different in-service inspection code requirements, CITEC can supply in-service inspection services for different types of nuclear power units, including the reactor pressure vessel body inspection, dissimilar metal weld inspection, steam generator tube inspection, automatic piping inspection, nuclear control rod assemblies, etc., and other major inspection items. Carmelo Palacios:The participation in Candu, VVER, EPR, AP1000 and HTR refers to the international markets. In China we are participating in Taishan (EPR), Sanmen and Haiyang (AP1000), but not in Tianwan (VVER) and Shidaowan (HTR). Ensa was awarded a contract in South Africa for the HTR technology, for the design of the vessel and stress analysis; but the project of the HTR stopped in South Africa. Dynatom: you expansion is also the result of many cooperation agreements signed with CNPRI, Xi an Nuclear Equipment, NPIC, China Technology Engineering Companyand Suzhou Nuclear Power Institute. Can you tell us if the SNGC was at the origin of this market development or this is due to individual actions? Carmelo Palacios:A great part of this development is due to individual (company) actions. SNGC has participated on a case by case basis to a greater or lesser extent. Dynatom: Can you elaborate more on the Joint Venture between Tecnatom and CITEC? Carmelo Palacios:CITEC is a good example of success. It was created in 2007 and now is working at full speed. CITEC is an inspection company created to meet the needs of preservice (PSI) and in-service inspection (ISI) of the nuclear units of China Nuclear General (CNG). CITEC mainly covers the Chinese market and collaborates with Tecnatom in certain activities on the international market. Currently, Tecnatom owns a 25% stake in CITEC. CITEC is a specialized company focusing on the supply of professional in-service inspection and non-destructive testing, technology research and development and technical services. Through in-service inspection technology transfer and cooperation with TECNATOM, CITEC possesses the capability for automated inspection equipment design, development, manufacture, operation and maintenance as well as technology updating, and it masters in-service inspection techniques and methods for various types Spanish Nuclear Industry Dynatom: Have you offered training service as well? Carmelo Palacios:I remember in 2008, we had Chinese engineers who came to Spain to be trained, and before that Tecnatom in 1988 trained the operators for Qinshan 1. As you know Tecnatom is owned by the Spanish Utilities: Iberdrola, Endesa and Gas Natural-Fenosa. At the beginning Tecnatom had two simulators in their office in Madrid, and in , the Chinese engineers came and were trained. Dynatom: your main scope is a general marketing effort and coordination, such as participation in exhibitions, common delegation and publication. How is the finance generated to set up this organization? Carmelo Palacios:The budget is financed by fees paid by each of the four companies according to the services provided by the SNGC. We do not have any external support. For the exhibition we have a support from ICEX, the Spanish export trade promotion, but we rely mostly on our members.
12 Interview of the Month 12 Dynatom: So do you plan to open your organization to new members to become financially independent? Carmelo Palacios:Around 95-98% of the cost is already supported by our members. There can be supports for international exhibitions according to the international treaties signed by Spain, but this is a very small part of our budget. Dynatom: Since 1987 you participate on regular basis to trade shows in China and recently the Spanish Institute for Foreign Trade (ICEX) supported your presence in various events. Can you tell us more about your relation with ICEX? Carmelo Palacios:ICEX is the governmental Spanish Export Promotion Agency to help Spanish companies develop foreign trade operations. It is similar to agencies in other countries like USTDA in the USA, UK Trade & Investment (UKTI) in the UK and UBIFRANCE in France. Its activities are similar. ICEX supports and coordinates all the Spanish nuclear companies, and not only SNGC, which require a presence at International nuclear trade conferences and exhibitions and in many other sectors of the economy. It is also a source of information. Dynatom: ICEX has offices in Guangdong, Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong, do you use these offices as a platform for SNGC? Carmelo Palacios:The Spanish embassy in China has commercial offices in these four Chinese cities. ICEX is also at these offices. We use the services of these offices and of course the Embassy, but not in Hong Kong. We use the offices in particular during the exhibitions. Dynatom: we heard that you signed a MOU General Agreement with CNEA. The French PFCE did the same last year as well. What are the benefits for such consortium to sign with the CNEA? Carmelo Palacios:Yes we signed an MOU with CNEA in The benefits are the exchange of information and ideas and better knowledge of the market. We have signed different collaboration MOUs with Chinese companies such as Xi an Nuclear Equipment Co. Ltd. (XNE), capital goods manufacturer. China Nuclear Power Research Institute (CNPRI) China Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel Corp. (CJNF), which operates the Yibin nuclear fuel factory CNNC broad scope MoU SNGC General Agreement with CNEA at Shenzhen mentioned above NPIC MoU for irradiated fuel inspection equipment Suzhou Nuclear Power Institute China Technology Engineering Company Nuclear Power Institute of China Dynatom: What about their cooperation with NPIC on electrical penetration for European NPP? Do you consider the SNGC as the ideal partner for the global expansion of the Chinese nuclear industry? Carmelo Palacios:Tecnatom is working with the Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC). One focus is electrical penetrations for nuclear facility containments manufactured by NPIC. Tecnatom and NPIC have analyzed the steps to be taken to ensure their compatibility with Western standards. Different commercial opportunities have been identified at both Spanish and overseas plants. There is currently a commercial agreement with NPIC that gives Tecnatom exclusive rights to commercialize the penetrations. Regarding your second question SNGC helps support the commercial relations between the four partners and other companies. Although this collaboration is focused on Chinese territory, it is not strictly limited to it. Dynatom: Ringo Valvulas was established in 2000 and manufactured more than 100,000 valves for 20 NPP, using French, American and Russian standards in particular for Qinshan I and II. Do you see more pressure for localization of such valve in the Chinese market? Carmelo Palacios:Yes, there is a lot of pressure for localization but we expect to overcome this situation. There are two important factors: Ringo Valvulas will obtain the ASME stamp very soon. Ringo Valvulas has recently finished the erection and installation of a new bay at the Zaragoza (Spain) shop. This bay has the most modern equipment that the valve industry needs for design and
13 13 Interview of the Month fabrication of nuclear grade valves. These facts position Ringo Valvulas as one of the leaders for the supply of nuclear valves. At this time Ringo Valvulas is supplying valves to more than 20 NPPs in 11 countries. Dynatom: Ensa is one of the most successful stories for a foreign manufactures: The company manufactured casks for Daya Bay, Steam Generators (Changjiang, Qinshan II) Racks (Ling Ao II) and recently Steam Generator for the AP1000 in Sanmen and Heat Exchangers for the EPR in Taishan: Do you see this success as a direct result of a group marketing through SNGC?. Carmelo Palacios:Ensa is one of the most qualified world suppliers and its portfolio is very attractive because of its diversification and high technology. Ensa started to collaborate with Chinese companies before the SNGC group was created. Nowadays, Ensa is looking for more collaboration in China, with new products and new areas. SNGC is working with Ensa to help identify new opportunities and partners. We are also looking to offer to the Chinese market a potential combined portfolio of the four Group companies. An example of the continued efforts being made is the very recent contract for Ensa of one cask for the Chinese market that was done with the support of SNGC. SNGC is more on the marketing side and support, the sales and technical aspects are of course executed by the companies. Dynatom: your website is maybe the only platform in English and Chinese that is updated on regular basis. How did you decide to create such a media? Carmelo Palacios:First of all thank you very much for this acknowledgment. From the very beginning we thought that it was very important to show to the Chinese market our capabilities and operations all over the world. We are highly specialized companies with high technology and we have to make a special effort to show everybody our capabilities. One of the main reasons for establishing the SNGC was to make us more visible. big market, and complex. We decided to promote and inform the market through a good website, regularly updated. If you are a SME, you may not have someone who can updated the website, but in SNGC we have a team dedicated to this activity. We thought from the beginning that we have good capability but we have to educate our prospects and clients. Our newsletter in Chinese is an example of our communication. In addition to our websitehttp://www.sngc.es/ in Chinese and English, we created a mirror website in Chinahttp://www.sngc.com. cn/only in Chinese; we launched this website in October to let our Chinese friends have a fast access to our information. Dynatom: the website is not only on nuclear, do you expect to use the SNGC for other markets? Carmelo Palacios:Maybe you refer to some newsletters in which we mention valves for gas and oil supplied by RINGO VALVULAS. We have added these references in cases in which the product, the valves, supplied by RINGO VALVULAS are of high quality and difficult to design and manufacture and with requirements as demanding as nuclear, in order to show our web visitors that we are also in the top ranks of other industries. The SNGC as such was created specifically for the nuclear sector. Dynatom: how do you see the future of SNGC in China? And its impact for the overseas Chinese markets such as Argentina? Carmelo Palacios:The companies of the SNGC group have a tremendous world acceptance and experience. They are extremely attractive partners to work with. We are optimistic in this area. We have been working all these years with Areva, Westinghouse, GE, so we are also looking forward a close relation with our Chinese friends in overseas markets. For SNGC in China, we of course ambition to grow in China, to be more intensive and support the business of our members and we also start in India. Dynatom: We checked the websites of other organizations involved in the Chinese market, in particular the French ones PFCE and GIIN. Their websites shows the profile of their members. You decided to have a top notch platform of communication; can you tell us the reason? Carmelo Palacios:We had several reasons: China is a very
14 HAF Certifications 14 Renewed HAF 604 Certifications Corporation Country Equipment Safety Level Range Registration Date HEW-KABEL GmbH Germany Cable 1E Design & 2013/9/2 Manufacture Schorch Elektrische Germany Electromotor 1E Design & 2013/9/2 Maschinen und Antriebe Manufacture GmbH Konsortium IBB GmbH & Germany The console 1E Design & 2013/9/2 MLP Prozessleittechnik GmbH Berlin screen Manufacture PHOTONIS France S.A.S. France Sensor 1E Design & 2013/9/2 Manufacture RSCC Wire & Cable LLC USA Cable 1E Design & 2013/9/2 Manufacture AMETEK,Inc. USA Sensor 1E Manufacture 2013/9/2 Delta Controls Ltd. UK Sensor 1E Design & 2013/9/2 Manufacture Rosemount Nuclear Instruments, Inc. USA Sensor 1E Design 2013/9/2 LG Electronics. Inc. South Fan, Compressor Class 3 Design & 2013/9/2 Korea and Valve Manufacture TOA Valve Engineering Inc. Japan Valve Class 1, 2 Design & 2013/9/2 & 3 Manufacture Joint Stock Company Russia Storage tank and Class 2 & Design & 2013/9/2 Atommashexport Strobe 3 Manufacture REEL SAS France Valve Class 2 Manufacture 2013/9/2 Wepuko Pahnke GmbH Germany Pump Class 2 & Design & 2013/9/2 3 Manufacture Research and Production Russia Pump Class 2 & Design & 2013/9/2 Amalgamation of Hydraulic Machine Company Incorporated 3 Manufacture <SverdNIIchimmash> JSC Russia Storage tank and Class 3 Design & 2013/9/2 Heat exchanger Manufacture Japan's Pacific steel co., LTD Japan Forging Class 1 Manufacture 2013/9/2 AREVA NP SAS France Brace Class 1, 2 & 3 Design 2013/9/2
15 15 HAF Certifications
16 Events Calendar 16 Events Calendar Beijing TianJin JiNan YangZhou Shanghai YiWu GuangZhou March 2014 the 7th session of Asia (Beijing) International Fair of Electronic Information Industry Date: March 4, Address: China National Convention Center Contact: Liu Yang Tel: Website:http://www.chinacinte.com The 19th Midwest China International Instrument & Meter Industries Control & Automation Expo Date: March 6, Address: Chongqing International Expo Center Contact: Yin Jing Tel: Website:http://www.ca8888.com The 14th China Metal and Metallurgy Exhibition Date:March 27, March 29, 2014 Address: Chongqing International Expo Center Contact: Chen Youjiang Tel: Website: the 6th China International Low Carbon Construction Water Expo Date: March 28, days Address: Beijing Exhibition Center Contact: Chen Tao Tel: Website:http://www.cnwaternews.com April Shanghai Foundry Expo Date: April 8, days Address: Shanghai New International Expo Center Contact: Ba Rong Tel: Website: Shanghai International Forging Exhibition Date: April 8, days Address: Shanghai New International Expo Center Contact: Rao Song Tel: Website:
17 17 Events Calendar Steel Structure Expo Shanghai Date: April 8, days Address: Shanghai New International Expo Center Contact: Shao Haiwei Tel: Website: the 11th China (Tianjin) International Spechem Exhibition Date: April April Address: China International Exhibition Center, Tianjin Contact: Han Hongsha Tel: Website: The 11th China(Tianjin) International Coating, Electroplating and Surface Finishing Exhibition Date: April 10, days Address: China International Exhibition Center, Tianjin Contact: Gao Ran Tel: Website: China(Tianjin) International Electronics Industry Exhibition Date: April 10, days Address: China International Exhibition Center, Tianjin Contact: Miss Yang Tel: Website: the 15th China International Pump and Valve Exhibition Date:April 14, days Address: Beijing National Agriculture Exhibition Center Contact: TianZhenlong Tel: Website:http://www.qfbengfa.com 2014 the 15th China International Pipe Exhibition Date: April 14, days Address: Beijing National Agriculture Exhibition Center Contact: Zhao Jing Tel: /3179 Website:http://www.qfbengfa.com/ May 2014 the 14th China International Metallurgy Industry Exhibition Date: May 19, days Address: China International Expo Center (New) Contact: Wang Tao Tel: Website: The 12th China International Foundry Expo (Metal China) Date:May 19, days Address: China International Expo Center (New) Contact: Sun Zhenfeng Tel: Website: June FlowEx China 2014 Top-quality International Exhibition for Pump, Valve and Pipe Date: June 25, days Address: Shanghai World Expo Exhibition & Convention Center Contact: David Tel: Website:http://expo.flowex.com.cn/expo/
18 Technical Articles 18 Technical Articles Effect of Burnable Absorbers on Inert Matrix Fuel Performance and Transuranic Burnup in a Low Power Density Light-Water Reactor
19 19 Technical Articles Effect of Burnable Absorbers on Inert Matrix FuelPerformance and Transuranic Burnup in a Low Power Density Light-Water Reactor GD Recktenwald, MR Deinert * Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin TX *Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; 1. Introduction matrix fuel (IMF) is a design parameter. The environmental and geopolitical problems that are associated with nuclear power stem in part from the accumulation of the transuranics Am, Cm, Np and Pu in used nuclear fuel. By limiting the production of these four elements many of the concerns that surround the future development of nuclear energy would be significantly reduced. This fact has been known within the nuclear engineering community for decades, and several methods for transmuting these transuranics into more benign forms have been proposed. At present, the only option for recycling any of the transuranics is to use commercial reprocessing mix plutonium and uranium oxides to produce a mixed oxide fuel that can be used in a conventional reactor. However, due to neutron capture in the uranium, these fuels also produce transuranics while in the reactor, and are only somewhat effective at limiting their production. An alternative to mixed oxide recycle is to entrain the transuranicsin a uranium free matrix. The thorium fuel cycle is an example of this. Here energy comes from the fission of 233U which is bred in by neutron capture in the thorium. However, 233U poses a significant proliferation risk and in practice 238U would be added to the fuel to dilute it. However, the presence of uranium in fuel again results in the production of the transuranics that one is trying to get rid of. Another option that has been explored is to blend the transuranics into a zirconium dioxide matrix, Fig. 1. Figure 1.The inert matrix fuel cycle. Spent fuel from a conventional light-water reactor would be reprocessed and the transuranics Am, Cm, Np and Pu stripped, and blended with a uranium free matrix. The resulting fuel would be placed back into the light-water reactor.because it contains no uranium, the inert matrix fuel form allows for the consumption of transuranic waste without any additional production. The inert matrix fuel would also reduce the overall amount of uranium in the core. The percentage of the core that is uranium dioxide (UOX)or inert Fuels such as these were originally proposed for burning down stockpiles of weapons plutonium, but can also be for efficient transmutation in light-water reactors. The lack of uranium in the fuel allows for the consumption of transuranics without any additional production, hence the term inert. Because of its mechanical properties and radiation hardness, zirconium dioxide based fuelhas received considerable attention in the past decade and have gone through initial testing at high flux test facilities with good results. The energy produced by nuclear fuel is expressed in terms of burnup which has units of MWd/kgIHM, where IMH is the initial heavy metal present in the fuel when it is loaded into the reactor. Since the transuranics represent the only heavy metal in an inert matrix fuel, all of this energy would come from their consumption. Previous work has shown that a burnupof 750MWd/kgIHM, which corresponds to ~80% transuranic consumption, may present a practical limit for zirconium dioxide based fuel. However, achieving this level of burnup in a real reactor would require a relatively high transuranic content in the fresh fuel if the reactor were to remain critical between loadings and recycle its own transuranics. Unfortunately, high transuranic content can result in a high power density. This
20 Technical Articles 20 presents a particular problem for a zirconium dioxide based fuel because of the material s low coefficient of thermal conductivity. Past work with uranium dioxide fuels has shown that burnable absorbers can be used to reduce power and temperature. Common methods for doing this include the addition of gadolinium and erbium oxides to the fuel or the use of a thin zirconium boride coating and these poisons are often referred to as integral burnable absorbers because they are integral to the fuel. In the current contribution we show that burnable absorbers can be used with zirconium dioxide based fuel to help keep the reactor, and the fuel, within licensable limits. showing a 1/8 cross sectional view of the core and the layout of the uranium and inert matrix assemblies. Table 1. Fuel Assembly Parameters 2. Methods 2.1. Overview We consider a modified AP1000 pressurized water reactor with both inert matrix and uranium dioxide fuels in assemblies in 8x8 square lattices. The uranium assemblies help to maintain criticality between refuelings while the inert matrix fuels are used to burn the transuranics present in the spent uranium fuel. Full core simulations were done using MCNPX 2.7.0, a Monte Carlo radiation transport code, to determine the pin and assembly power profiles. The change in isotopic composition was determined using the CINDER90 burncard and verified with an in-house collision probability code. The results of the Monte Carlo simulations were coupled to a steady state thermal transport model to compute peak fuel and cladding temperatures using thermal resistances for the materials and the coolant. These temperatures were then fed back into MCNPX to capture thermal effects on reactor performance. The simulated reactor core had a power of 2000MWth and ran on a standard 18 month refueling schedule that would be encountered with current generation light-water reactors. Figure 2.Fuel assembly configuration.(left) Schematic of an 8x8 fuel assembly with 60 fuel pins and 4 guide tubes.(right) The assembly layout of the reactor was designed with 8-fold symmetry. Here the Uxand Ix represent the xthcampaigns of uranium fuel and inert matrix fuel assemblies. A center assembly is left empty (moderator region). Each fuel assembly is 8x8 with 4 control rod guide tubes and 60 fuel pins Monte Carlo simulations and fuel composition The uranium dioxide fuel was enriched to 5% 235U, burned to 42 MWd/kgIHM, and run through the core in three campaigns so that 1/3 would be removed and replaced at refueling every 18 months. Once removed, the fuel was allowed to cool for a simulated 5 years. The resulting transuranic vector was used as an input for the formulation of the simulated inert matrix fuel, which had 15w/otransuranics at its beginning of life in the core. The inert matrix fuel was run in seven campaigns, so that 1/7 was removed every 18 months. The total residence time for the inert matrix assemblies was 10.5 years and 4.5 years for the uranium dioxide assemblies. Table 1 gives the reactor parameters used in the Monte Carlo simulations with Fig. 2.0Uranium dioxide fuel pins were doped axially with boron oxide and the inert matrix pins with erbium oxide. In each case the pins were divided into 5 axial regions, Fig. 3. The concentration of boron and erbium was varied in these regions to reduce power peaking. The concentration of boron in regions 1 and 5 was 0 w/o, in regions 2 and 4 it was 2.55x10-4 w/o, and in region 3 it was 3.27 x10-4 w/o boron respectively. The concentration of erbium in the same regions was 0 w/o, 1.70e-2 w/o, and 2.18
21 21 Technical Articles x10-2 w/o respectively. Table 3 shows the resulting composition of the uranium and inert matrix fuels at beginning of life. Natural boron and erbium were used. Figure 3.Axial distribution of burnable absorber in fuel.the uranium dioxide fuel was doped with boron and the inert matrix fuel with erbium oxide, both of which absorb neutrons and reduce the power output of the pin. Over time, both the boron and the erbium burn out. using a steady state thermal transport model: (2) where q' is the linear power density of the fuel W/m, T is the temperature difference between two points, and R is the respective resistance. The linear power density was determined using the MCNPX simulations. The temperature of the moderator along a coolant channel was determined using Newton s law of cooling and the temperature dependent heat capacity of water. It was assumed that the power density of the fuel varied only axially, not radially. Table 2 gives the thermal transport parameters that were assumed for the uranium and zirconium dioxide as well as the cladding, gap and coolant. Table 2.Thermal transport parameters. In all simulations the composition of the uranium and inert matrix fuels were equilibrated to reflect the isotopes that would be encountered in a real reactor containing fuel at various degrees of burnup. This was done by iterating on the fuel composition until the end of life fuel composition in campaign j was identical to the beginning of life composition in campaignj+1fuel for each fuel form and age of fuel, Eq. (1): (1) The fraction of the core that is comprised of inert matrix fuel was chosen under the constraint that the core reactivity remain > 1 between refueling, and that the reactor can recycle the transuranics from its own spent uranium fuel. The simulated cores have 712, 8x8 assemblies, where 516 are uranium dioxide fuel. This is equivalent to a 178 assembly core of 16x16 assemblies. Additional details on the reactor geometry and equilibrated composition of the fuel can be found in the supplemental information. *These values are consistent with existing pressurized water reactors and were chosen to keep the simulated reactor within operational limits. SI is supplemental information. Figure 4 shows the average linear power density immediately at startup after refueling, both with and without the addition of burnable absorber along with the axial temperature profile for the hottest uranium and inert matrix fuel pins. 2.4 Reactivity coefficients. The reactivity coefficients were computed using static calculations in MCNPX at various times during the simulated 18 month burnup cycle. The fuel, moderator, and void coefficients of reactivity were computed at the full core and assembly level using reactor simulations of the full core. We used makxsto create a higher resolution MCNPX library with temperature dependent cross sections built in 10 K intervals from 300 K to 610 K and in 50 K intervals from 650 K to 2500 K. The coefficient of thermal reactivity for the fuel was computed by perturbing the temperature of the fuel in the reactor by ±50 K. The coefficients were computed using: 2.3 Thermal transport. The peak fuel and outer cladding temperatures were determined (3)
22 Technical Articles 22 Fuel reactivity coefficients for all of the fuel assemblies (uranium dioxide and inert matrix) were found to be negative both at startup and at the end of cycle before shutting down for refueling. Plots of the reactivity coefficients can be found in the supplemental information. Figure 4.Effect of burnable absorber.the axial power profile and temperatures are shown at startup for the beginning of life uranium and hottest inert matrix fuel assemblies. Axial grading reduces the power peaking by more than 5% and lowers the inert matrix fuel maximum temperature by 200 K. Figure 5.Moderator Thermal Reactivity Coefficients. The reactivity coefficients of the moderator are shown for a range of temperatures at the beginning and end of campaign. The reactor coefficients at the beginning and end of campaign are x10-4 ± 6.9 x10-6 (1/K) and x10-4 ±6.1 x10-6 (1/ K) respectively. The core average moderator coefficient of reactivity was computed by modeling the full core for a range of core average moderator temperatures. The moderator density was updated to match saturated liquid water tables at a pressure of 155 bar. The coefficients were computed using : Figure 6.Void Reactivity Coefficients. The reactivity coefficient of a moderator void is shown for a range of core averaged voids. At 10% void fraction the reactivity coefficients at the beginning and end of campaign are ± 1.3 x10-5 (1/ K) and ± 1.1x10-5 (1/K) respectively. (4) Figure 5 shows the core averaged moderator coefficients as a function of the temperature of the moderator at the beginning and end of the campaign. The core average void coefficients were computed using: (5) Here x is the core average void fraction, and is computed by decreasing the fluid density uniformly within the core. Figure 6 shows the core average void coefficients of reactivity for a set of void percentages at the beginning and end of the campaign. At zero void, the beginning of cycle and end of cycle void reactivity coefficients were found to be -1.67x10-3 (1/K) and x10-3 (1/ K) respectively. Assembly level reactivity coefficients have been computed and are included in the supplemental material. The errors bars on Figs. 5 and 6 were generated from ten simulations, each done with different initial seeds. The error bars then indicate the range about the mean value. 3. Results and discussion Figures 7 and 8 show the power and thermal profiles for the hottest uranium and inert matrix fuel elements with and without doping. The temperature profiles in Figs. 4 and 8 differ because the data in Fig. 8 correspond to shortly after startup when the xenon and samarium fission products (which absorb neutrons) have come to
23 23 Technical Articles secular equilibrium. The data in Fig. 4 are from directly after startup and the xenon and samarium have not built up. Figure 7.Axial power profile. The linear power of the hottest 4 assemblies are shown at the beginning and end of cycle. effect of significantly flattening the radial power distribution as well. Figure 9 shows a cross sectional view of the average linear power density in the core at the assembly level at the beginning of cycle, end of cycle, and the average over an 18 month period between refueling. As can be seen in Fig. 9 (bottom right), there is a significant change in the linear power density between the hottest and coolest assemblies which is attributable to the high degree of transuranic burnout in the inert matrix fuels. Figure 10 shows the time dependent linear power density in each campaign and more detail is included in the supplemental material. As can be seen, most of the power is derived from the uranium assemblies and the first three campaigns of inert matrix fuel. The last four inert matrix fuel campaigns act as net neutron absorbers. Figure 9.Radial core power profile. The power distribution within the core assemblies is shown for the end of campaign (top left), beginning of campaign (top right), minimum values (bottom left), and maximum values (bottom right). Figure 8.Axial temperature profile. The axial temperatures of the four assemblies in Figure 7 at the beginning and end of cycle. The hottest fuel assemblies are those in the second campaigns since the doping has largely burned out by this point. As can be seen, the use of an integral burnable absorber significantly flattens the power and thermal profiles in both the uranium and inert matrix fuels. Peak linear power density in the inert matrix fuel was reduced by 23% with a 15% decrease in peak temperature. While zirconium dioxide has a melting point of ~ 2715 oc, in pile testing has shown that fission gas release from zirconium dioxide fuels increases significantly with elevated temperatures, but at the temperatures shown it would be morecomparable to uranium dioxide fuels. Figure 10.Assembly level power. The power from each assembly within the core changes over the course of the campaign. The addition of the integral burnable poisons has the beneficial
24 Technical Articles 24 A remarkable feature of the results presented here is the high degree of burnup that is achieved in the inert matrix fuel by the time it is removed from the core. The inert matrix fuel experienced a burnup of ~780 MWd/kgIHM, which corresponds to an 84% burnout of the transuranics.noteably, the only heavy metal in an inert matrix fuel comes from the transuranics and this degree of burnup would be equivalent to burning a uranium dioxide fuel to ~60 MWd/kgIHM. Despite this, the core maintains a Keff > in between refuelings, Fig. 11, and the 8x8 fuel assemblies play an important role here. The small assemblies allow for a more even distribution of the low reactivity fuel assemblies (late stage inert matrix fuel) and a reduction in the power variations across an assembly. Additionally, the inert matrix assemblies have a fixed composition at the beginning of their life in the core. Ideally the transuranic content of the beginning of life inert matrix fuel assemblies will exactly match the transuranic content of the end of life uranium assemblies. This is impossible since the reactor has an integer number of assemblies. However, for a fixed core size, reducing the size of the assemblies will increase the total number of assemblies and allow for a closer match. Figure 11.Reactor Criticality.The reactor criticality must be above 1 at the end of the campaign. This figure shows the drop in Keff over the campaign. For these simulations Keff = ± at end of cycle. thirds of that for a conventional AP1000. Operation at a higher power would cause an earlier depletion of the uranium driver assemblies and the simulated reactor would not be able to operate on an 18 month cycle. The power could be increased to a more conventional value if the uranium fuel were enriched beyond 5% or if the refueling schedule were increased to a higher frequency than once every 18 months. Both possibilities will be the subject of future work. 4. Conclusions In the present study we show that integral burnable absorbers can be used in a mixed core running both inert matrix and uranium dioxide fuels to keep the fuel temperatures, and reactivity coefficients, within allowable limits. Erbium oxide was used with the inert matrix fuel and integral boron oxide with the uranium fuel. The integral burnable absorbers were shown to reduce axial power peaking by more than 23% and to reduce the peak to average power within the core from 1.80 to By the end of its life in the core the inert matrix fuel acts as a neutron absorber with 84% of its initial transuranic inventory depleted. Importantly, the simulated core remains critical between refueling while running at a simulated power of 2000MWth. The axial thermal and power profiles in the fuel can be reduced to acceptable levels with the use of an integral burnable absorber and this has the additional benefit of flattening the core power profiles. Importantly, the simulations show that the reactivity coefficients in the various fuel types are all negative and that the core average moderator and void coefficient are negative as well, which are requirements for a commercial power reactor in the US. The results demonstrate that inert matrix fuels could be used in conventional pressurized water reactors to achieve significant reductions in the overall production transuranics. The cost for the high transuranic depletion is a reduction in core operating power. The simulations discussed here were done with a nominal reactor power of 2000MWth, which is two
25 25 Interview of the Month Hamon Thermal Natural draft cooling towers: more than 300 references worldwide. Hamon, World Leader in Engineering and Contracting, active since The Group has an unrivalled experience in development and implementation of cooling technologies for the power sector and other energy intensive industries. With numerous references in each cooling tower type, it has been confronted to any type of application. Hamon active R&D gives you the assurance of a state-of-the-art product. Hamon, the reliable choice. HAMON THERMAL EUROPE (FR) Perspective Seine, Bâtiment C 84, rue Charles Michels Saint-Denis, France Tel HAMON THERMAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY (JIAXING) COMPANY LTD. 1st Floor of Building No.7, No.1369, South City Road Jiaxing, Zhejiang, China Tel ,1918 Integrated solutions for a clean environment
26 News 26 NEWS Highlights of the Month Company News International Cooperation NPP News
27 27 News Highlights China First Mention to Accelerate Nuclear Power Development The Fukushima nuclear incident in 2011resulted in the rapid development of China's nuclear power industry being suddenly shut down. China suspended approval of new nuclear power stations for 20 months, while the capacity of China s mediumlong term nuclear power development plan was reduced from the previous 86 million kw down to 58 million kw. However, increasingly serious air pollution will probably reaccelerate China's nuclear power development. On December 10, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) organized a picturephone conference on strengthening energy conservation and emission reduction to promote the prevention and control of air pollution, among which the second point of "paying special attention to energy conservation work in 2014" is to promote a clean energy structure. NDRC announced it is to "accelerate the development of hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, solar, biomass, and promote the development of distributed energy." This is China s first mention of the "accelerating development" of nuclear power after a lapse of more than nearly two years. Unlike fossil fuel generation technologies (coal, natural gas etc.), nuclear power produces virtually no pollution or greenhouse gases during the power generation process so it is a clean and efficient way of generating electricity. However, safety and security have become the biggest concerns for China's nuclear power development since Japan's Fukushima incident on March 11, The State Council s executive meeting held on March 16 required relevant departments to adjust and improve the long-term nuclear power development plan and suspend approval of nuclear power projects awaiting nuclear safety planning approval, including for the preliminary work of the project. On October 24, 2012, the State Council Executive Meeting discussed and adopted "Nuclear Safety Planning" and the "Long-Term Nuclear Power Development Plan." The meeting noted that, the State Council has discussed these plans twice on the basis of comprehensive safety inspection during operation, based on a comprehensive safety inspection of units under construction and operation since March 2012.The attitude towards security and development of nuclear power is "very serious and careful." That means unfreezing the new batch of nuclear power. Now, NDRC is pushing forward "to accelerate the development" of nuclear power, and the core of the current problem is whether the level of long-term development of nuclear power previously identified will be increased? Many nuclear power insiders said that the nuclear power sector is currently having a voice in this regard, but NDRC don t have the final say in how planning figures would be raised, for there is no specific increase in the numbers, "but this is a signal. Zhang Huazhu, President of China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA) previously said in his speech at the annual meeting of CNEA held in Shanghai "China lowered its nuclear power development plan after the Fukushima nuclear incident, but the initiative is in hands of the nuclear power industry itself, and if nuclear power construction and operation are in a safe and stable situation, then breaking the original plan is also possible at the end of the 13th Five-Year Plan." However, China's newly added nuclear power installed capacity as a proportion of the total remains modest in According to statistics released by the National Energy Administration, from January to October,62.95 million kilowatts of installed power capacity was newly generated, million kilowatts hydropower, accounting for 35.4% of newly installed capacity; 27 million kilowatts was thermal power, accounting for 42.9%; 2.21 million kilowatts was nuclear power, accounting for 3.5%; 7.85 million kilowatts was wind power accounting for 12.5%; and 3.61 million kilowatts was solar power, accounting for 5.7%. Latest news shows that at present, there are 10 nuclear power plant units approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, with a total installed capacity of 12.8 million kilowatts. Besides 17unitsunder operation (total capacity 14.6 million kilowatts) and 29 units under construction, with a total installed capacity of 31.6 million kilowatts, this falls short of demand in China. By 2020, at least 25 units with millions of kilowatts will be required. In addition, according to the industry s conservative estimate, there may be up to six newly-built approved units from 2011 to 2015, namely Sanmen units 3&4, Haiyang units 3&4, Lufeng Units 1 &2. All six units will use AP1000 technology. Source:http://www.hdzx2010.ibicn.com Pump Valve Share Opportunities as Nuclear Policy is Revived In a recent report, IAEA predicted that global power generation
28 News 28 would maintain sustainable growthupto2030 with an optimistic figure of 268GWe, with East Asia holding the highest growth rate. Domestically, the nuclear industry will enter a period warming after the two-year adjustment resulted from the Black Swan Event in The Ministry of Environmental Protection recently released a public notice on its website regarding planning for reports approval on Yangjiang NPP units 1&2 (operating phase) on October 12th. Although the core technology and equipment for nuclear power in China mostly relies on imports, though domestic products such as pipe material and some of the pump valves have been widely used. Therefore, recovery of the nuclear industry would further promote development in the field of technology research and equipment manufacture, and provide opportunities for enterprises producing pump valve equipment. Zhejiang JIULI Hi-tech Metals, Co., Ltd., which mainly provides nuclear power tube, obtained early qualification of nuclear equipment, and Jiangsu Shentong Valve Co., Ltd. is a main supplier of nuclear valves. NNSA has authorized several private enterprises with qualifications for design and manufacture of nuclear power equipment, including Sichuan HuaDu Nuclear Equipment Manufacture Co., Ltd, China-Kinwa High Technology Co., Ltd, and Wuxi Huaertai Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd. Now pump valve enterprises must enhance the ability of independent innovation, eliminate outdated technology, and focus on talent cultivation to improve comprehensive competitiveness worldwide. Source:http://news.bjx.com.cn Domestic PWR Numerical Control System is on the support list On October30th, the Ministry of Finance released a project support list of intelligence equipment manufacture. The DSC system of PWR NPP, constructed by CTEC, is on the list. Domestic nuclear equipment research progress has been paying close attention to this since last October when the nuclear industry restarted its recovery. According to experts, some key equipment has met the latest nuclear safety standards. The DSC system has been classed as a standard configuration of China s improved PWR nuclear power technology (CPR1000) by CGN to realize the goal of design, manufacture, construction and operation, all with independence. CGN has achieved some significant breakthroughs for the development of the DSC system in the million kw class NPP since 2009, breaking the situation that the PWR NPP instrument systems were controlled by foreign companies. It has helped to hasten NPP localization, ensuring the safe operation of NPPs and having a positive effect on NPP cost reduction. CTEC signed a renovation project purchase contract for Qinshan Phase 2 units 1&2 DCS/KIT/KPS last April, before that, the mentioned technology and equipment had been used to 14 CPR1000 instrument systems. Source: Key Condition Experiment of ACP1000 Passive RRA is Successfully Completed CNNC witnessed experiments on the ACP1000 PRS at the Nuclear Power Institute of China in Sichuan province on November 11th. The experimental result shows that the design of ACP1000 PRS that CNNC-developed is successful. This marks the Nuclear Power Institute as having made a significant breakthrough on passive experiment technology. Experts from National Energy Administration, NNSA, Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center and other relevant units agree that the experimental facility does a reasonably good job of modeling ACP1000 PRS system design features, and the experimental result demonstrates a successful design by means of some processes such as listening to previous working reports and real-time witness of the test condition. The purpose of this research is to verify operational performance characteristics of PRS under the condition ofanacp1000 reactor station blackout accompanied by a feed water pneumatic pump failure. It confirms the design capability of the prototype accident cooling water tank and prototype emergency RHRS cooler, providing a test database for design improvement. Source:http://www.cnnc.com.cn CGN Solid Waste Device Succeeds in Filling Gaps in China Recently, the cement curing core device, independently developed by CGNPC, has passed the acceptance review in Wuhan. Cement curing is used for solid waste management in the process of NPP operation, mainly dealing with waste resin, concentrated solution and waste filter cartridges, mixing the solid waste with the cement and reprocessing it after the cement
29 29 News has solidified. This kind of device is involved in complicated technology and has been monopolized by foreign suppliers for a long time. This has given rise to a high cost of procurement, execution under pressure and uncontrolled quality. CGNPC set up the project to develop this kind of device in order to break the monopoly at the end of 2011, and the core device is finally successfully developed through the untiring efforts of 3 years; it not only helps to smash the monopoly, but also contributes to reducing NPP operation cost. Source: NPP Nerve Center Realizes the Label of "Made in China" Recent news released from CGNPC is that the nuclear power technology in China has obtained a significant breakthrough DCS, the nerve center of NPPs, had completed the prototype system design and entered the stage of engineering application. So, China has become another country, after the US, France and Japan, which owns the proprietary intellectual property rights of nuclear DCS. The DCS system is one of the key pieces of NPP equipment, and plays an important role in NPP security and operation. For the moment, all nuclear DCS that exist in China have been provided by foreign countries because of its complicated technology. The National DCS research center has been located in CTEC with the support of MOST since 2007, accelerating the development steps of nuclear DCS research work. He Yu, CEO of CGNPC, said: Nuclear DCS localization is not only a strategy requirement, but also an inevitable requirement for nuclear power development. Source:http://www.china-nea.cn New Breakthrough on China Nuclear Zirconium Alloy Tube Fabrication CAST Company received its production license for new tube from AREVA on November 6th.This has filled in the blank of CNNC s nuclear chain and ensures that the material supply of fuel assembly is highly economical and secure, and the localization of production of China s nuclear fuel assembly zirconium alloy has also started. Domestic supply of the new tube completely relies on imports for the moment, and CAST Company has been dedicating itself to technology transfer of this kind of new tube since its inception, having completed production line modification, key equipment procurement, personnel training and quality assurance reconstruction. A principal of AREVA said that, through comparative analysis, AREVA s zirconium section is confident in the tube quality manufactured by CAST. It is said that JNF, the future user and designer of CAST, has participated in witness at the scene. JNF considers CAST a qualified and certified supplier. Source:http://www.china-nea.cn AP1000 is Expected to be the Major Force in China s Nuclear Industry Xu Yuming, the Vice Secretary General of CNEA, said in the NPP Security Requirement and Solution International Seminar that The domestic nuclear projects such as Sanmen phase 2, Haiyang phase 2, Guangdong Lufeng, Liaoning Xudapu and Hunan Taohuajiang will all adopt AP1000 technology, apart from two projects under construction. AP1000 is expected to be the nuclear driving force in China. Xu also said that the establishment of new projects would mainly depend on the progress of Sanmen and Hai yang NPP, and at the same time rely on localization and economic efficiency. The third generation technology with independent intellectual property rights should have its certain development space before long. In Xu s opinion, at present the most significant problem for the nuclear industry is how to tackle challenges. He said there are still lots of key issues remaining in respect of nuclear power s technical route, natural uranium supply, key equipment localization and system innovation. After many years of development, the national relevant enterprises have reached or approached the top world class with regards to design, manufacture, construction and management ability. At present, main equipment manufacturers in China are comparable with worldwide companies on their processing and transportation capability, and there would be at least 10 sets of equipment manufactured every year. Source:http://news.bjx.com.cn Contract for AP1000/CAP1400 Residual Heat Removal Pump is Signed SNPTC has signed a contract for the AP1000/CAP1400 Residual Heat Removal Pump Localization Research and Intellectual Property Sharing with the relevant unit. SNPTC will
30 News 30 jointly invest in this project with Deep Blue Pump Co., Ltd. The completion of this research will fill the gaps in China, avoiding restriction from foreign companies, and will provide a safe energy field. Source: The Deputy Director of Zhejiang Bureau of Energy said that the installed capacity of nuclear power in Zhejiang province would reach 28.9 million kw by 2030, according to the 12th five-year plan of electricity development. Chen Haitao said that Zhejiang was a strategic province and birthplace of domestic nuclear power development, in particular for the first prototype of pressurized water reactor NPP in Haiyan, Zhejiang. Chen also said that the main factor restricting the sustainable development is the environment problem which has arisen by the energy structure, which is primarily based on fossil energy. Nuclear power is an efficient energy with cleanness and security, and it plays an irreplaceable role in the construction of a friendly environmental society when compared to other energies. Source: Zhejiang Nuclear Power s Installed Capacity Will Reach 28.9 Million kw in 2030 The first session of the Nuclear Power & Sea Salt Forum hosted by the People s Network has opened in Zhejiang province. Courtoy Global market leader in compression technology for nuclear fuel pellets Purpose-designed compression machines for uranium oxide and MOX Machine design adapted for integration into glove box Unique air compensator technology for high-precision pellet density control New constant density control algorithm for fast machine set-up and highly accurate process control Automated in-line pellet density measuring with feedback to the press New high-performance powder feeding system Hold-up / hold-down system for smooth ejection and avoiding cracks in pellets Proven reliability, with presses in operation in a nuclear environment for over 40 years Service teams based in Europe, USA and China GEA Process Engineering nv. Bergensesteenweg 186, 1500 Halle, Belgium. Tel Fax GEA Process Engineering China Ltd. Hexian Road 99, Shanghai, PR China. Tel Fax engineering for a better world gea-ps.com/courtoy
31 31 News China Makes a New Breakthrough on ACP100 Small PWR A meeting on ACP100 Small PWR Passive Emergency Core Cooling Integrated Simulation was held on November 7th by the Nuclear Power Institute of China. Lv Huaxiang, vice president of CNNC, attended the meeting. After a field test, experts agreed to approval the project. The panel composed of the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA), the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center and CNNC probed the state before the test, and agreed that the design method is reasonable for the research, and the equipment is qualified for the test. resource:http://mil.huanqiu.com CAP1400 is Expected to be Constructed in 2014 Large-scale equipment manufacturing enterprises in China have fully grasped the AP1000 technology of manufacturing main equipment of Nuclear Island and more than 80 main domestic equipment manufacturers have obtained nuclear equipment manufacturing permits and established the quality assurance system as required so far said Wang Binghua, Chairman of State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation (SNPTC). Meanwhile, the R&D of CAP1400 has achieved important progress; its design is based on the Westinghouse AP1000, Generation III technology. It is estimated that the localization rate of CAP1400 major demonstration projects will achieve over 80%, said Zheng Guangming, Director of Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research & Design Institute (SNERDI), in which SNERDI undertook the major work of the design. He also added that China should have its own advanced nuclear power intellectual property rights or otherwise they are constrained by others, no matter the experiment, construction and operation. CAP1400 is scheduled to start construction in This will not be a brand of SNPTC, but of China. This brand will definitely meet the needs of the international market, Wang Binghua said. Source:http://news.bjx.com.cn Company News BYD Passes Complete Test of Nuclear Storage Equipment BYD has successfully passed the whole set of tests on nuclear storage equipment and has become the first company to make the storage technology for Iron Cells applied to nuclear emergency power supplies, creating a precedent of iron cells being used as reserved power in the nuclear industry. The safety issue of nuclear power in China has risen to unprecedented heights since the Fukushima incident. This test was finalized entirely on the basis of the nuclear standard at the most authoritative testing institution Electric Apparatus Research Institute and Shanghai Tongji University. The test lasted for 60 days under strict conditions. The process includes an EMC test, damp heat test, anti-seismic test and short-circuit withstand test, in addition to some routine tests. According to HAFJ0053 Nuclear Equipment Anti-Seismic Evaluation Guidelines established by NNSA and GB NPP Safety System Aseismic Appraisal, the energy storage prototype has tested on OBE three times and SSE once with aseismic fortification intensity of 8 degrees, and the whole set of storage equipment is running stably. The completion of this test symbolizes an historic and significant breakthrough of the storage equipment applied in the nuclear industry. Source: The First Half-Speed Nuclear Power 1200MW Turbonator Succeeds in Being Launched on Market A half-speed nuclear power 1200MW turbonator succeeded in being put on the market at Harbin Electric Corporation (QHD) Heavy Equipment on November 12th, this is the first product developed based on China AP1000 the 3rd generation technology. The completion marks that China is completely capable of independently manufacturing the 3rd generation nuclear island super generator equipment.
32 News 32 The first half-speed nuclear power 1200MWtubonator is under testing at nuclear heavy equipment station This equipment has passed 53 index tests and will be applied to Sanmen NPP soon. Sanmen NPP turbonator units adopt AP1000 technology which is the most advanced 3rd generation nuclear power technology in the world. Harbin Electric Corporation obtained the technology transfer qualification of the 3rd generation PWR AP1000 nuclear power regular island turbonator with an auxiliary system from Japan Mitsubishi Electric at the beginning of 2008, then began with the subtle drawing transform, and finally completely finished the design transform in 2010 opening the curtain of the 3rd generation nuclear equipment localization process. Harbin Electric Corporation invested 200 million RMB in the construction of the nuclear power heavy equipment test station in Qinhuangdao. It has taken 150 technicians 3 years to develop the 3rd generation nuclear generator and has finally made breakthroughs in hundreds of key technologies. Compared to the previous 1st and 2nd generation of generators directly using nuclear reactor internal recycle water heat, the 3rd generation produces thermal energy without nuclear radiation to generate electricity, greatly improving security. Source: The nuclear control valve is flow process and control equipment, and plays an important role in nuclear security and operation. For the moment, only a few multinational corporations in the world, such as IMI Group, are equipped with the manufacturing technology. Shanghai Automation Instrumentation Co., Ltd is a qualified supplier of all the commercial NPPs in China. Source:http://www.caea.gov.cn CGN Launches the First Nuclear Power Industrial Training Union The first nuclear power industrial training union was launched in Dayawan NPP on November21st, aiming to improve the quality of nuclear power builders, as well as guarantee the safety and quality of nuclear construction. Nuclear safety is an ever-lasting theme, and engineering quality is the foundation of safety. Years of experience and practice have shown that humans are the core of nuclear construction, and man-made faults should be avoided for security insurance. CGNPC has been developing rapidly in recent years. It takes charge of 15 million-kilowatt units, with the installation now reaching million kilowatts. Source:http://news.bjx.com.cn/ Project on of SECRI Won First Prize in China Machinery Industry Science and Technology Shanghai JV Enterprises Expand into Area of Nuclear Control Valves Shanghai Automation Instrumentation Co., Ltd has invested with UK IMI Group to establish SAICCCI Valve Co., Ltd. The new company is created mainly to focus on the design and manufacture of key nuclear control valves for target markets. It is reported that the amount of investment is 40 million RMB. The control valve localization helps to break the monopoly and reduce nuclear construction cost. Shanghai Electric Cable Research Institute s project on Technology research and application of LOCA test system was awarded first prize of China machinery industry science and technology. After striving to make technological breakthrough for five years, the third-generation LOCA test system technology solved the security verification problem for the world s most advanced and safe commercial NPP under operation at present. This system has become the only testing system in the world which fulfills the requirements of design-base accident of the third-generation non-active series of AP1000 nuclear power plants and has reached the international advanced level. It also reversed the passive situation in which in-containment cable of NPP has depended on the foreign imports for the long term. This has significantly pushed forward the domestic localization process of the nuclear power cable and is of great importance for China to promote its core competitiveness in the field of nuclear power technology. Source:http://www.dxdl.cago365.com
33 33 News CTEC DCS Industrial Project has Passed Acceptance The national scientific project of DCS Industrialization undertaken by China Tech-Energy Co., Ltd (CTEC) has successfully passed the acceptance of authority, which indicates the completion of DSC infrastructure. The project of DCS Industrialization is a sub-project to national industry revitalization and technical transformation. During acceptance, experts gather to hear reports and audit materials, reaching an agreement that this project should be accepted. Source: The First Set of Nuclear Pump Shaft Seal Succeeds in Manufacturing AREVA DONGFANG Reactor Coolant Pumps Co., Ltd. held a ceremony to celebrate the first manufacturing of nuclear pump shaft seal on November 21st, which marks the localization of the million-kilowatt nuclear pump reactor being realized in China. Source:http://www.cnnc.com.cn World s First AP1000 Production Line Finishes Equipment Installation and Debugging The world s first production line for the third-generation nuclear fuel elements manufactured by China North Nuclear Fuel Company (CNNFC) in Baotou, Inner Mongolia has completed equipment installation and debugging. The line will reduce the risk of a reactor nuclear accident by 100 times compared with the second-generation NPP in formal operation. Tian Youjun, assistant of GM of CNNFC, said that itwill be the first line of the third-generation nuclear fuel elements in the world to become operational,and an accident similar to the Fukushima NPP leakage accident will never happen even under the double shock of earthquake and tsunami. Mr. Tian added that a total of RMB 1.2 billion has been invested in this line since it started to be constructed on March 28th, It will provide the first furnace domestic refueling components for Zhejiang Sanmen and Shandong Haiyang NPPs once in production in Source: CNNPC To Join EPRI Research Programs has joined two of EPRI s nuclear-related research programs. The China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC), China s largest nuclear power conglomerate, is the primary shareholder in CNNP. The participation will provide CNNP with access to EPRI research results and technical guidance that can inform the safe, cost-effective operation of CNNP s nuclear fleet. The two EPRI research programs that CNNP is joining are: 1.Nuclear Maintenance Application Center (NAMC): This program develops technologies, systems, and guides to drive improvements in nuclear plant maintenance activities. 2.Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE): This program develops technologies and procedures to quickly, accurately, and costeffectively inspect and characterize nuclear component condition and inform strategic decisions on whether and when to replace, repair, or continue operation. CNNP operates 9 commercial nuclear units with a combined capacity of nearly 6,506 MW, and has more than 12 units under construction. The agreement also covers CNNP s key affiliates in the operation of nuclear power plants. Source: CNNC 404 Company Limited Completes Work on Fluorine Electrolysis Power Transformation China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) 404 Company Limited has finished the transformation work of fluorine electrolysis power on uranium conversion production lines. About 24 sets of high-frequency switching power supply have been put into production and operation, with an energy saving of around 20%after the transformation Verified by the production run, the newly installed high-frequency switching power supply unit has met the requirements of both the control parameters and control mode, and also the output power quality has achieved the desired purpose of fluorine electrolysis. With the aim of completing the transformation of a rising uranium production task, reducing production costs and improving the automation and stability of the equipment, the company conducted the technological transformation on 24 sets of silicon controlled rectifier devices within four months. The renovation work was divided into two stages during the implementation of the production, in which the technical staff made a reasonable re-use of the old electrical enclosure, high and low voltage cables, etc., minimizing the cost of the power transformation project. Source: The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has announced that the China National Nuclear Power Company, Ltd. (CNNP)
34 News 34 International Cooperation Sun Qin and Qian Zhimin Meet with Secretary of the US Energy Department The chairman and the General Manager of CNNC, Sun Qin and Qian Zhimin met with Moniz, the Secretary of the US Energy Department at the company s headquarters. They held friendly exchanges on the issues of nuclear technology and engineering projects. Sun Qin welcomed Moniz and expressed that CNNC is not only a participant in technology cooperation of Sino-US nuclear power, but also the main holder of technical exchange cooperation, and even the major partner of the Sino-US AP1000 nuclear power project. The first AP1000 unit is constructed on the site of Sanmen NPP. SMR plays a unique role in the aspects of reduction and environmental enhancement, Sun hopes that China could carry out technical cooperation on a small reactor with the US; CNNC is willing to cooperate with Terra Power on TWR under the principle of benefit sharing, risk sharing and cooperation and mutual benefits; and suggests the US Energy Department considerslifting the 810 clause restriction between parties. Qian Zhimin expressed thanks to Moniz for paying attention to Sanmen AP1000 nuclear project and introduced the processes of Sanmen nuclear project, AP1000 technical transformation and AP1000 nuclear fuel manufacture. Moniz said thatthe US Energy Department attached great importance to the exchange and cooperation with China. He would promote agreement renewal on Sino-US nuclear usage and is in favor of nuclear technical exchange. He is willing to promote the process of Sanmen AP1000 nuclear project and technical transformation. Besides, Moniz also introduced the relevant situations of US nuclear development policy, small reactor, TWR and 910 clause certificates. Source: TVEL FC Supplied a Batch of Nuclear Fuel to China for the 7th Refueling of the 1st Unit of the Tianwan NPP November 6, TVEL Fuel Company has delivered TVS-2M nuclear fuel for the 7th refueling of the 1st unit of the Tianwan NPP. The cartridges are intended for standard refueling of the 1st unit. The fuel was produced by Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant (JSC NNCP within the JSC TVEL s management circuit). Currently the Tianwan NPP operates two types of fuel assemblies TVS-2M and UTVS. The deliveries of modified fuel for the 1st unit of the Tianwan NPP until 2020 have been contracted since The Chinese party plans to resume the negotiations on further deliveries in several years. In 2010, TVEL FC signed a set of contractual documents with Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation (JNPC) and China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation (CNEIC) for packaged supply of TVS-2M modified nuclear fuel for the 1st unit of the Tianwan NPP in the amount of six refueling. The contracts provide for transfer of TVS-2M fuel fabrication technology with a view to fabricate it at the Yibin Fuel Factory, China, and beginning with the 7th refueling of the Tianwan NPP. The total value of the contracts signed in November 2012 amounted to about USD 500 mln. These signed contracts presented an opportunity for the Russian company to continue strategic cooperation, started in 1997, through offering more up-to-date and cost effective Subscribe to our free Newsletter and Magazine! us at or fax us at your; Name: Title: Company: Fields of interests:
35 35 News TVS-2M fuel to the Chinese party. In September 2012, an addendum to the contract for fuel supply for the 7th refueling of the 1st unit was signed, and the delivery date was agreed on. Starting from 2014, TVS-2M fuel for the 2nd unit of the Tianwan NPP will be fabricated at the Yibin Fuel Factory under the Russian technology and using Russian accessories. Transition to the modified fuel allowed TVEL FC and JNPC to reach an agreement on converting the 1st and 2nd units of the Tianwan NPP to the long-term 18-month fuel cycle operation. Source:http://www.tvel.ru Chinese Engineers Receive Training in Nuclear Project Management The engineering division of China's National Nuclear Corp has appointed AREVA to train its teams in the management of major nuclear projects. The first training session concluded on 8 November, AREVA said. The course was designed and executed by AREVA University, which trains the group's engineers, executives and managers. "AREVA is committed to supporting Chinese utilities in the development of their skills," said Tarik Choho, AREVA's chief commercial executive officer. "This contract reflects CNNC's recognition of our dual expertise in the fields of training and project management. It strengthens our relationship with this important customer." Source:http://www.neimagazine.com Westinghouse Supports AP1000 Development in China With the environmental issue heating up worldwide, China has been seeking new energy technology to meet the demands of economic development. The newest generation AP1000 which is under construction is atypical example, and the Westinghouse AP1000 technology is chosen as the objective, which is regarded a strategic step. For the moment, Westinghouse technology extends tonearly half of the commercial NPPs in the world. AP1000 technology adopts the latest passive safety system and has passed the design certification by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in America. The system would invokeits shutdown unit and make use of natural law to keep the NPP running safely in the case of anemergency. What s more, this system can work withoutexchange power and human intervention for upto 3 days. Simplicity is another feature of the AP1000. Westinghouseobtained the construction contracts in 2007 that allow buildingfourunits with millions of kilowatt at Sanmen and Yangjiang NPPs. Both of these two NPPs, the first to be equipped with AP1000 technology, have entered the final phase of construction, and will take test runs. Benjamin, the vice president of Westinghouse, said that the companywould spare no effort to cooperate with China and devote itself to completing delivery. Source: CNNC Participates Jointly with CGNPC in the UK s Nuclear Power Construction It was acknowledged from the First Senior China-France Financial Conversation that CNNC has joint stock with CGNPC to participate in the nuclear construction at Hinkley Point in the UK which EDF is in charge of. Zhang Yuqing, Deputy Director of NNSA, said France and China have made very good cooperation on nuclear power over last 30 years, and we will keep on developing the cooperation plans. A Joint Statement was established atthis meeting announcing that both parties would spare no effort to strengthen collaboration on fuel processing technology based on the highest standards of security and environment protection. Source:http://www.china-nea.cn/ CNNC Signs the MOU with SKB Magnus Holmqvist, President of SKB, and his staffvisited Beijing Research Institute of Uranium GeologyonNovember 18thand19th. Lin Sen, director of CNNC International Cooperation Dept., formally signed the MOU with regard to the radioactive waste arrangements. During the visit, the institute experts exchanged and discussed with Magnus on further cooperation, and suggested to develop personnel exchanges, investigation and research. As an important industrial department in Sweden, KBS has experience in radioactive waste arrangements. Source:http://news.bjx.com.cn/
36 News 36 China Assists a Nuclear Construction Project in Pakistan A large nuclear power project was launched in Karachi, Pakistan on November 26th. This project is supported by China and is costing 9.59 billion USD. Itshould be completed within 6 years. Nawaz Sharif, Pakistan s Prime Ministersaid itwas a proud moment in history for Pakistan, and thanked China for aiding at such a critical period as power shortages werethe most difficult problem for Pakistan. Source:http://www.china-nea.cn China and France to Jointly Develop the Third- Party Nuclear Power Markets China and France on Friday vowed to expand their three decades of nuclear energy cooperation to target markets in other countries. "We agreed to jointly exploit third-party nuclear energy markets. China hopes the two countries can find broader space in the markets," said Chinese Premier Li Keqiang while meeting reporters after his hour-long talks with visiting French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault. Li described their discussion as "candid and friendly." He called on the two countries to develop a more equal partnership in nuclear energy cooperation, and at the same time, to jointly research and develop new reactor types and strengthen the sharing of experience. He said he hoped France would transfer more technology to China. in the early 1990s in south China's Guangdong Province. It has two 1,000 MW pressurized water reactors introduced from France. Governements and businesses of the two countries also held a seminar to mark China-France nuclear energy cooperation on Friday. In addition to nuclear energy, the two leaders told reporters that the two countries will further cooperate in areas including aviation, trade, investment, finance, food, agricultural products, health, automobile manufacturing and sustainable development. Li called on the two countries to actively advance negotiations on a second phase project of an Airbus final assembly plant in Tianjin Municipality, strengthen joint research and production of large commercial planes and civil helicopters, and continue to push forward satellite cooperation projects. Li said the two sides will co-pilot sustainable development schemes, and combine their respective advantages of capital, technology, markets and experience. An eco-friendly city program for sustainable development in Wuhan, capital of central China's Hubei Province, will serve as an example of this and receive corporate efforts from the two countries. Ayrault echoed Li, saying France hopes the two countries can promote the program with concrete actions, and he will visit Wuhan and learn about this program during his China tour. He added the two countries have scored substantive results in food and agricultural joint work. "Chinese consumers will soon taste French pork and other products. I am also looking forward to seeing bilateral cooperation in health and pharmaceuticals," Ayrault said. The leaders also reached a consensus on expanding bilateral cultural exchanges. The two countries will hold concerts, exhibitions and film festivals in 2014 to mark the 50th anniversary of bilateral ties. "China and France are both important representatives of the diversity of civilization. These activities will help mutual understanding between the two peoples, and communication between the two civilizations," according to Li. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang (R) and French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault attend a press conference in Beijing, capital of China, Dec. 6, (Xinhua/XieHuanchi) Nuclear energy cooperation between China and France dates back to the establishment of the Daya Bay nuclear power plant The Chinese premier also voiced appreciation for France's decision to shorten the visa processing time for Chinese citizens to two days, saying this will facilitate personnel engagement, tourism, trade and investment between the two countries. He hoped France would make it easier for employees of Chinese companies to get work and residence permits. He also urged France to provide a safer and more convenient environment for Chinese tourists.
37 37 News Ayrault welcomed more Chinese tourists to visit France, and promised to simplify the visa processing procedure. After their talks, the two prime ministers jointly unveiled a logo for activities marking next year's 50th anniversary. "France was one of the earliest Western countries to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. China- France relations are strategic, epochal and global," Li said. He noted the two countries should continue to respect each other, treat each other on an equal footing, seek common development, consolidate traditional friendship, expand cooperation and strengthen coordination in international and regional affairs. "China will make joint efforts with France to promote multipolarization and democratization of international relations, and safeguard the international order established after World War II and a hard-won peaceful situation," Li said. Ayrault echoed Li, saying France will make closer high-level engagement with China, strengthen strategic communication, and coordinate closely on global and regional issues. On China-Europe relations, Li said China attaches high importance to relations with Europe while France is a "core major country" in the European Union. He called on France to actively promote the negotiation of a China-Europe investment agreement and to urge the EU to uphold free trade and be cautious in taking trade remedy measures, so as to play a positive role for the sound development of China-Europe relations. "China hopes the EU will not start an investigation into China's wireless telecom products," Li noted. Ayrault said France will join hands with China to oppose trade protectionism, and promote Europe-China cooperation. Ayrault arrived in Beijing on Thursday morning, starting a fiveday official visit to China at the invitation of Li. This is Ayrault's first China visit, which he said is an important opportunity to get to know Chinese leaders and learn about China. After a stay in the capital, he will fly to Wuhan in Hubei and Taishan in south China's Guangdong Province, where another China-France nuclear power plant isunder construction. Source:http://www.nuclearpowerdaily.com/
38 News 38 NPP News Sanmen Unit 1 Reactor Plant Shield Wall has been Poured The last can of concrete was poured into the 18th layer of the shield wall relying on Sanmen unit 1 AP1000 on October 31th, That is to say, the whole shield wall is completely poured, thiscreates the conditions for subsequent steel dome lifting and placement of CB20 module. The shield wall is designed as a tube structure with in-situ reinforced concrete, and a 52.4m highcylindrical exterior. It was divided into 18 layers for pouring, with1-14 layers beingpoured insections, while layers were poured integrally. The shield wall had higher technology requirements as it is difficult toconstruct. SNPEC helped construct with good quality, without any accidents and with elaborate plan and careful preparation. Source: China's Northeast First NPP Unit 1 is Connected to Grid Hongyanhe NPP, the first NPP in northeastern China, was finally connected to the grid on November 17th, that is to say, this unit has formally entered the debugging phase and capable of generating electricity. With the strongestinnovation in China, the localization equipment of Hongyanhe NPP phase 2 is over 80%, including its sea water desalination system. The 4 units of phase 1 will have fulfilled its goal to generate electricity by The annual energy output will be 30 billion kwh, up from 28.7 billion kwh in 2012, covering 16% of the total electricity consumption of Liaoning province. approvedthe test program report for Yangjiang Nuclear Power. Yangjiang NPP is a key construction project with 73.2 billion RMB of investment. It adopts the CPR1000 PWR technology with a self-owned brand. It will continue building 6 units of 1 million kw, which is currently the largest project. The localization rate of key equipment is over 85% and the average localization rate of the 6 units is 83%. Source: First Fuel Loading of Yangjiang NPP Unit 1 Gets Approval Yangjiang NPP unit 1 makes a new breakthrough on grid connection and commercial operation. Unit 1 has obtained its First Fuel Loading License authorized by the National Nuclear Safety Administration. According to the establishedplan, unit 1 is predicted to be connected to the grid at the end of2013. Yangjiang nuclear power project adopts the CPR1000 PWR technology, and plans to build 6 nuclear 1 million kw units with an investment of 73.2 billion RMB. At present, 6 units at Yangjiang NPP are approved, unit 1 is planned to be connected to the grid and generate electricity at the end of 2013; unit 2 will conduct a cold test in October; unit 3 has entered the phase of installation and debugging; unit 4 is under construction; unit 5 began construction at the end of September; and unit 6 will start to run at the beginning of Source: CGN Ningde NPP Unit 2 Starts Fuel Loading Source: Yangjiang NPP Units 1&2 is Approved for EIA Report The ministry announced its approval of Yangjiang NPP units 1&2 Environmental Impact Report at the phase of operation on October 21th. The National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) also CGN Ningde Nuclear Power Unit 2 completed the first group of
39 39 News fuel loading on November 11th, whichindicates the official start of this project, and also marks a critical step towards nuclear commercial operation. Source: Seawater Treatment Project Lands in Yutian, Tangshan The seawater treatment project, by Dongfang Electric and Tangshan Dongya Heavy Industry Equipment Group Co. Ltd.,has been launched in Yuntian, Tangshan, with a total investment of 250 million RMB. Theproject, located in the Yutai industrial area, covers 100 mu of land. The production valve, after the completion of the project, will cost350 million RMB and comprise 200 sets of equipment including cooling device, heat-exchange equipment and coal chemical anticorrosive equipment. Resource:http://www.caea.gov.cn Fuqing Unit 1 Debugs the Device and Predicts to Generate Power in July 2014 Fuqing Nuclear Power unit 1 is believed to be ready to realize power generation next July 31st. Unit 1 was started on November 21st, 2008, and would last for 68.5 months. Now 60 months has passed and the construction has reached the peak of debugging. It is predicted to realize the first grid connection next June 5th and performance testing next July 31st, followed by powergeneration. Unit 2 started on September 18th, Itsconstruction has reached the phase of system turnover. It is predicted to realize performance testing on January 15th, 2015 and will then begin generation. Unit 3 and unit 4 started on December 31st, 2010 and November 17th, For the moment, these two units have entered the phase of installation and construction separately. The engineering understructure for unit 5 and unit 6 are under construction. Source:http://www.china-nea.cn Aerospace Materials Support 4th Generation NPP Construction The key project of Aerospace Materials and Technology Research Institute the graphite absorption production line used for high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) NPP shutdown system has beencompleted and put into service with an annual output of 80 million graphite nodules containing boron carbide in Dezhou, Shandong. This project aims to meet all the requirements of the first 4th generation nuclear power HTGR system in the world. The Aerospace Materials and Technology Research Institute spent two years on project testing, and finally achieved the technical result. Source:http://news.bjx.com.cn Fuqing unit 1 Starts Hot Functional Test Fuqing unit 1 has gained recognition from NNSA on its hot functional test, which willbe conducted in two stages. The primary coolant circuit begins to heat up to 120 degreescelsius. It marks an official start with stage 1 and realizes the goal in advance. Source: Sanmen Unit 1 Nuclear Shielding Workshop Hoisting into Place The nuclear shielding workshop of Sanmen unit 1 was hoisted and finally completed capping on November 23rd. The whole process was smooth and steady, and the quality was within tolerance.
40 News 40 The whole structure of this steel roof is a truncated pyramid 11 meters high and weighing 920 tons. The edge distance above is 12.5 meters and below is 41. The superstructure of the roof is made of concrete and could firmly support an AP1000 passive device. All parties related to this project have worked in collaboration to prepare an elaborate plan in advance as there are many difficulties in hoisting. The spent fuel of the No.1 plant is a m rectangular stainless steel pool with standard designed elevation from to meters and water storage capacity of about 1,265 cubic meters. The construction quality of the stainless steel will be checked in this test,and then it will be transferred to the installation unit for the subsequent installation of the fuel storage framework and relevant equipment. Source:http://www.cnecc.com Source:http://www.cnnc.com.cn Tightness test kicks off for Changjiang No.1 Plant Spent Fuel Pool Changjiang No.1 fuel plant completed the water injection of the spent fuel pool to m level, marking that the tightness test of the spent fuel pool water has been officially launched.
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