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165 Barr, A. Et al.(1961). Wisconsin studies of the measurement and 167

166 prediction of teacher effectiveness. The Journal of Experimental Education, 30,135. Blai, B,Jr.(1982).Faculty perceptions of Effective teachers: A parallel-perceptions inquiry. ERIC (ED ). Clark, C. M. & Peterson, P. L.(1986). Teachers thought process. In Wittrock, M. G.(Ed.). Handbook of research on teaching( 3 rd ed.). N. Y.: Macmillan. Clements, B. S.(1980).The relationship of teacher perceptions to classroom and student outcomes. Austin: University of Texas, ERIC (ED ). Cruickshank,D. R.(1986). Profile of an effective teacher. Educational Honizons, Dobson, R. L. & Dobson, J. E.(1983). Teacher beliefs-practice Confruency. Viewpoints in Teaching and Learning,59, Etzioni, A. (1964). Modern organizations. NJ: Prentice- Hall. Joedell, K. O.(1987). Structural and personal influences in the socialization of beginning teachers. Teaching & Teacher Education,3, Kagan, D. M.(1992).Implications of research on teacher belief. Educational Psychologist,27(1), Medley, D. M.(1985).Issues and problems in the Validation of teaching and teacher professional behaviors. ERIC (ED ). Munroe, M. J.(1983).Effective teacher behaviors. ERIC (ED ). National Education Association (1948). Division of field service, The yardstick of a profession,institute on professional and public 168

167 relations. Washington, D. C.: NEA. Newmann, F. M., Rutter, R. A., & Smith, M. S.(1989). Organizational factors that affect School sense of efficacy, Community and expectations. Sociology of Education,62(4), Parsons, T.(1961). An outline of the social system. In T. Parsons et al.(eds.).theories of Society Eoundations of Mordern Socialogical Theory, N. Y.: Free press. Pajak, E. F.,Cramer, & Konke, K.(1986).Role correlates of teacher reports of classroom behavior. Journal of Research and Development in Education,20(1), Ridley, L. L. & Buehler, R. M.(1991).Effectlive teacher behaviors: A survey of in-service special educators. ERIC (ED ). Scholtz, D. E.B.(1991).Beliefs about teacher role and the implications for studies in the social and Philosophical foundation of education. DAI,52(09A),3203. Shuman, L. S.(1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard Educational Review, 57(1), Towery, R. W.(1985).The elementary teacher s role as Peceived by elementary teachers and elementary principals. DAI,46(10A),

K. J. Gergen 1996 4939-45 1996 4916-24 Gergen, K. J.1995.Social construction and the educational process. In L. P. Steffe J. GaleEds.. Constructivism in educationpp.17-40. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

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