5 Contents A study of copyright awareness and pirate software behaviors of university students... Mei-Chun Yin... 1 The Relationship between Technology Leadership and Innovation Management The Mediating Effect of Organizational Learning...Jing-Wen Huang I Fang The Impacts of Using Classroom Feedback System in Story Grammar Instruction on First Grade Students Reading Comprehension Abilities...Shu-Chuan Tu Yin OuYang National consciousness and ethnic consciousness: Focusing on Taiwan indigenous peoples schooling experience in Japanese colonial period...yao-chung Chang
9 3 A study of copyright awareness and pirate software behaviors of university students Mei-Chun Yin Professor, Department of Education, National University of Tainan Abstract The unique characteristic of computer makes internet browsers easy to reproduce information, no matter it is text, graphs, audio or video; as easy as one click on the mouse, one can obtain the information easily and rapidly without any difficulty. However, the following consequences are the violation of others' copyright, which makes the issue of software piracy increase significantly. Majority of university students use computer daily, thus they are also the group of people that encounter software privacy issues the most. Therefore to understand their copyright awareness and pirate software behavior is very important. The subjects are 576 university students to fill out the questionnaires. The research results are as followings: 1. The computer competence and moral attitudes of university students are moderate, peer attitudes of pirate are medium-high, copyright awareness needs to strengthen and the frequency of pirate software behavior is not too high. 2. There is significant positive correlation between computer competence,
10 4 peer attitudes of pirate and pirate software behavior. There is significant negative correlation between moral attitudes, copyright awareness and pirate software behavior. 3. Male university students in computer competence, peer attitudes of pirate and pirate software behavior is significantly higher than the female university students. Moral attitudes and copyright awareness of female university students is significantly higher than male university students. 4. Freshman university student in copyright awareness is significantly higher than senior university students, senior university students in pirate software behavior is significantly higher than freshman university students. There is no significant difference between different levels of students in computer competence, moral attitudes, peer attitude of pirate. Key words: university students, computer competence, moral attitude, peer attitude of pirate, copyright awareness, pirate software behavior
16 Operation Higher Education , Siwek, 2007 Business Software Alliance, BSA PC BSA, 2010a % BSA, 2010b 99 42% 2010
17 11 Harris Interactive Snyder, Krajcik, 2000
18 McCaffrey, 2004; Parrack, 2001 one copy countries IDC International Data Cooperation P2P 59 BSA, 2010b IT Chiang & Assane, 2008; Im & Van Epps, 1992; Sims, Cheng & Teegen, 1996 high-speed 30 peer-to-peer
40 e icct/crime/ content/b0013/overview02.xls Akers, R. L., & Jensen, G. F. (2006). The empirical status of social learning theory of crime and deviance; The past, present and future. In F. R. Cullen, J. P. Wright, & K. Blevins (Eds.) Advances in criminological theory (Vol. 15). NJ: Transaction. Bhattacharjee, S. R., Gopal, K. L., & Marsden, J. R. (2006). Impact of legal threats on online music sharing activity: An analysis of music industry legal actions. Journal of Law and Economics, 49(1), BSA (2010a).Seventh annual BSA and IDC global software piracy study. Retrieved, from BSA (2010b). Seventh annual BSA and IDC global software piracy study:
41 35 Taiwan. Retrieved from taiwan.pdf Chiang, E., & Assane, D. (2008). Music piracy among students on the university campus: Do males and females react different? The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, Chughtai, A. G. (2008). Knowledge of information and ethics. Master thesis of Växjö University. Cronan, T. P., & Al-Rafee, S. (2008). Factors that influence the intention to pirate software and media. Journal of hical perspe, 78, Forester. T. & Morrison, P. (1994). Computer ethics Cautionary tales and ethical dilemmas in computing (2nd ed.). Cambridge: The MIT Press. Goles, T., Jayatilaka, B., George, B., Parsons, L., Chambers, V., Taylor, D., & Brune, R. (2008). Softlifting: Exploring Determinants of Attitude. Journal of business Ethics, 77(4), Gorniak-Kocikowska, K. (1996). The computer revolution and the problem of global ethics. In Bynum and Rogerson (1996) Global information ethics. Opragen Publications. Grable, J. L., & O Neill, R. B., (2004). Projection bias and financial risk tolerance. Journal of Behavioral Finance, 5, Im, J. H., &Van Epps, P. D. (1992). Software piracy and software security in business school: An ethical perspective. The database for Advances in Information System, Johnson, D. G. (1992). Proprietary rights in computer software: Individual and policy Issues. In B. T. Ward, W. Maner & J. L. Fodor (eds.). Software Ownership and intellectual property rights, research center on computing & society.
42 36 Krajcik, J. S. (2000). Advantages and challenges of using the World Wide Web to foster sustained science inquiry in middle and high school classrooms. 8th International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction, Taipei, Taiwan. Maner, W. (1980). Starter kit in computer ethics. Helvetia Press. Published in cooperation with the National Information and Resource Center for Teaching Philosophy. McCaffrey, M. (2004). Cyber Ethics 101. School Library Journal, 50(11), 26. Moores, T. T., & Chang, J. C. (2006). Ethical decision making in software piracy: Initial development and test of a four component model. MIS Quarterly, 30(1), Nissenbaum, H. (1995). Should I copy my neighbor s software? In D. Johnson & H. Nissenbaum, eds., Computers, ethics, and social responsibility. Prentice Hall. Parrack, J. S. (2001). Get the 411 on copyright and the internet. Reading Today, 18(5), 7. Rogerson, S. (1996). The ethics of computing: the first and second generation. The Business Ethics Network New, 6. Scott, C. (2003). Many students use software without paying for it. Chronicle of Higher Education,50(6), Snyder, M. G. (2004). Cyber-Ethics: Pirates in the Classroom. Science Activities, 41(3), 3-4. Siegfried, R.M. (2004). Student attitudes on software piracy and related issues of computer ethics. Ethics and Information Technology, 6, Sims, P., Cheng, H., & Teegen, H. (1996). Toward a profile of student software piraters. Journal of Business Ethics, 15(8),
43 37 Siponen, M.T., & Vartiainen, T. (2005).Attitudes to and factors affecting unauthorized copying of computer software in Finland. Behaviour & Information Technology,24 (4), Siwek, S. E. (2007). The true cost of sound recording piracy to the U.S. economy. Retrieved from nsf/ PublicationLookupFullText/5C2EE3D2107A4C E0053A1F4 Stallman, R. (1992). Why software should be free. In B. T. Ward, W. Maner & J. L. Fodor, eds. (1992) Software ownership and intellectual property rights, research center on computing & society.
46 40 The Relationship between Technology Leadership and Innovation Management The Mediating Effect of Organizational Learning Jing-Wen Huang Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of Education Administration, National Pingtung University of Education I Fang Ph.D. Student, Graduate Institute of Education Administration, National Pingtung University of Education Abstract Educational organizations need to develop innovation management and organizational learning to adapt to environment turbulence. School leaders can develop technology leadership to integrate knowledge and resource to achieve innovation management. This study examines the relationships between technology leadership, innovation management, and organizational learning. In addition, recent scholars have paid attention to the issue of exploratory learning and exploitative learning. This study attempts to examine the potential mediating effect of organizational learning. Hypotheses are proposed and then examined through structural equation model. The results show that there are significant and positive relationships between research variables. This study
47 41 demonstrates that organizational learning plays the mediating role in affecting the relationships between technology leadership and innovation management. Finally, conclusions and implications are discussed. Key words: Technology leadership, Innovation management, Organizational Learning
52 46 Fooi, 2008; Baily et al., 1995; Schultz, ( ) Aten, Virginia Educational Technology Advisory Committee, VETAC
53 47 Anderson and Dexter
54 ( ) Blazevic & Lievens, 2004; March, 1991 Argyris and Schon 1978 Senge 1990 Senge 1990
55 49 Huysman 2000 Atuahene-Gima & Murray, 2007; Gupta et al., 2006; March, 1991 March 1991 exploitative learning exploratory learning Gupta et al March, 1991 Sirmon et al., 2007 Akgün et al., 2006; Atuahene-Gima & Murray, 2007; Blazevic & Lievens, 2004
56 50 Li et al., 2010; Sirmon et al., 2007 ( ) Senge Akgün et al., 2006; Atuahene-Gima & Murray, 2007; Li et al., 2010 Akgün et al., 2006; Atuahene-Gima & Murray, 2007; Li et al., 2010 Gupta et al., 2006; March, 1991
73 67 Baron and Kenny 1986 Baron and Kenny 1986 Edward & Lambert, 2007 Baron and Kenny Amos p<0.01 H p<0.001 H p<0.001 H p<0.01 H4 Sobel 1982 Sobel test Baron and Kenny 1986 MacKinnon et al., 2002 Sobel b=0.844 SE=0.055
82 76 Afshari, M., Bakar, K. A., Luan, W. S., Samah, B. A., & Fooi, F. S. (2008). School leadership and information communication technology. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 7(4), Akgün, A. E., Lynn, G. S., & Yilmaz, C. (2006). Learning process in new product development teams and effects on product success: A sociocognitive perspective. Industrial Marketing Management, 35(2), Anderson, R. E., & Dexter, S. L. (2005). School technology leadership: An empirical investigation of prevalence and effect. Educational Administration Quarterly, 41(1), Argyris, C., & Schön, D. A. (1978). Organizational learning: A theory of action perspective. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley. Aten, B. M. (1996). An analysis of the nature of educational technology leadership in California`s SB 1274 restructuring schools. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of San Francisco. Atuahene-Gima, K., & Murray, J. Y. (2007). Exploratory and exploitative learning in new product development: A social capital perspective on new technology ventures in china. Journal of International Marketing, 15(2), Baer, M., & Frese, M. (2003). Innovation is not enough: Climates for initiative and psychological safety, process innovations, and firm performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(1), Bailey, G. D, Lumley, D., & Dunbar, D. (1995). Leadership and technology: What school board members need to know. Alexandria. VA: National School Board Association. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable
83 77 distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), Bates, R., & Khasawneh, S. (2005). Organizational learning culture, learning transfer climate and perceived innovation in Jordanian organizations. International Journal of Training and Development, 9(2), Blazevic, V., & Lievens, A. (2004). Learning during the new financial service innovation process: Antecedents and performance effects. Journal of Business Research, 57(4), Collis, B. (1988). Computes, curriculum, and whole-class instruction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Edwards, J. R., & Lambert, L. S. (2007). Methods for integrating moderation and mediation: A general analytical framework using moderated path analysis. Psychological Methods, 12(1), Ellonen, H.K., Wikström, P., & Jantunen, A. (2009). Linking dynamiccapability portfolios and innovation outcomes. Technovation, 29(11), Fornell, C. R., & Larcker, F. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18, Gupta, A. K., Smith, K. G., & Shalley, C. E. (2006). The interplay between exploration and exploitation. Academy of Management Journal, 4(49), Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis: A Global Perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice- Hall.
84 78 Hoffman, R. P. (1996). Levels of technology use and instructional innovation. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Claremont Graduate University, San Diego, CA. Hopkins, D., & West, M. (1994) Teacher development and school improvement. In D. Walling (Ed.), Teachers as Learners. Bloomington, IN: PDK. Huysman, M. (2000). An organizational learning approach to the learning organization. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9(2), Li, C. R., Chu, C., P., & Lin, C. J. (2010). The contingent value of exploratory and exploitative learning for new product development performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 39(7), MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H., M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1 (2), MacKinnon, D., Lockwood, C., Hoffman, J., West, S., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychological Methods, 7(1), March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organization Science, 2(1), O Reilly, C. A., & Tushman, M. L. (2008). Ambidexterity as a dynamic capability: Resolving the innovator s dilemma. Research in Organizational Behavior, 28, Schultz, P. W. (2000). Assessing the structure of environmental concern: Concern for self, other people,and the biosphere. Unpublished manuscript.
85 79 Senge,P. M. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Doubleday. Sirmon, D. G., Hitt, M. A., & Ireland, R. D. (2007). Managing firm resources in dynamic environments to create value: Looking inside the black box. Academy of Management Review, 32(1), Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. In S. Leinhardt (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp ). Washington DC: American Sociological Association. Ubben, G. C., Hughes, L. W., & Norris, C. J. (2011). The principal: Creative leadership for effective schools (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc. Wheaton, B., Muthen, B., Alwin, D., & Summers, G. (1977). Assessing reliability and stability in panel models. In D. Heise (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp ). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
88 82 The Impacts of Using Classroom Feedback System in Story Grammar Instruction on First Grade Students Reading Comprehension Abilities Shu-Chuan Tu Teacher,Tainan Municipal East Dirsrict Shengli Elementary School Yin OuYang Professor, Department of Education, National University of Tainan Abstract Reading in the students learning process plays an important role. In teaching reading, teachers aim to develop students abilities in word recognition and reading comprehension. This study, applying the concept of scaffolding learning, attempts to use classroom feedback system in story grammar instruction to explore the impacts on first grade students reading comprehension abilities when introducing technology and gradually adopting the story grammar strategy. The subjects of this study were a class of 27 students in the first grade of an elementary school in Tainan.City In this study, relevant literature was reviewed to understand the characteristics of story grammar instruction and classroom feedback system, and then experiments in reading instruction were conducted for ten weeks. The main findings of this study were as follows: a Classroom feedback system integrated into story grammar instruction
89 83 had a positive influence on first grade students reading comprehension abilities. b Students attitudes toward classroom feedback system integrated into story grammar instruction were positive. Key words: classroom feedback system, Classroom Presenter, story grammar instruction, reading comprehension ability
90 Chall 1996 ~8 9 learning to read reading to learn Chall, National Reading Panel, NRP 2010
133 T A N E T /10/27~10/ Gagne, E. D., Yekovich, C. W., Yekovich, F. R PIRLS (6)
134 /7/ Borich, G. D (2) so easy
135 Anderson, R., Davis, K. M., Linnell, N., Prince, C., & Razmov, V. (2007). Supporting active learning and example based instruction with classroom technology. Proceedings of the 38th SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, 39 (1), Beauchamp, G. & S. Kennewell. (2010). Interactivity in the classroom and its impact on learning. Computers & Education, 54(3), Berque, D., Bonebright, T., & Whitesell, M. (2004). Using pen-based computers across the computer science curriculum. Proceedings of the 35th SIGCSE Technology Symposium on Computer Science Education, Norfolk, Virginia, Boulineau, T., ForeIII, C., Hagan-Burke, S., & Burke, M. D. (2004). Use of story-mapping to increase the story-grammar text comprehension of elementary students with learning disabilities. Learning Disability Quarterly, 27(2), Berque, D., Johnson, D., & Jovanovic, L. (2001). Teaching theory of computation using pen-based computers and an electronic whiteboard. Proceedings of ITiCSE 01,
136 130 Chall, J. S. (1996). Stages of reading development (2nd Ed.). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace. Cue, N. (1998). A universal learning tool for classrooms? Proceeding of the First Quality in Teaching and Learning Conference, December 1998, Hong Dufresne, R. J., Gerace, W. J., Leonard, W. J., Mestre, J. P., & Wenk, L. (1996). Classtalk: A classroom communication system for active learning, Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 7, Duke, N., & Pearson, P. D. (2002). Effective practices for developing reading comprehension. In A. E. Farstrup & S. J. Samuels(Eds.), What research has to say about reading instruction (pp ). Newark, DE: International Reading Association. Gagné, E. D. (1985). Cognitive psychology of school learning. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company. Idol, L., & Croll, V. J. (1987). Story - mapping training as a means of improving reading comprehension. Learning Disability Quarterly, 10, Kintsch, W. (1988). The role of knowledge in discourse comprehension: A construction-integration model. Psychological Review, 95(2), Kintsch, W. (2005). An overview of top-down and bottom-up effects in comprehension: The CI perspective. Discourse Processes, 39(2&3), Mayer, R. E. (1996). Learning strategies for making sense out of expository text: The SOI model for guiding three cognitive processes in knowledge construction. Educational Psychology Review, 18(4), McMillan, J. H. (2004). Classroom assessment: Principles and practice for
137 杜叔娟 歐陽誾 課堂回饋系統融入故事結構教學對國小一年級學生閱讀理解能力之影響 131 effective instruction (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson. Meadowcroft, J., & Reeves, B. (1989). Influence of story schema development on children s attention to television. Journal of Communication Research, 16, Naremore, R. C. (1997). Making it hang together: Children s use of mental frameworks to structure. Topics in Language Disorders, 18(1), Newby, T. J., Stepich, D. A., Lehman, J. D., & Russell, J. D. (2006). Instructional technology for teaching and learning: Designing instruction, integrating computers, and using media (3nd edition). Merrill. Palincsar, A. S, & Brown, H. L. (1984). Reciprocal teaching of comprehension fostering and comprehension - monitoring actives. Cognition and Instruction, 1, Pressley, M., Johnson, C. J., Symons, S., McGoldrick, J. A., & Kurita, J. A. (1989). Strategies that improve children s memory and comprehension of text. The Elementary School Journal, 90(1), Raphael, T. E. (1986). Teaching question answer relationships, revisited. The Reading Teacher, 39, Ratto, M., Shapiro, R. B., Truong, T.M. & Griswold, W. G. (2003). The Active Class project: Experiments in encouraging classroom participation. In Proceedings of CSCL 2003, Roth, F. P.(2000). Narrative writing Development and teaching with children with writing difficulties. Topics in Language Disorders, 20(4), Rumelhart, D. E. (1975). Schemata: The building blocks of cognition. In S. Spiro, B. Bruce, & W. Brewer (Eds.), Theoretical Issues in Reading Comprehension (pp ). Hilladale, NJ: Erlbaum. Samuelstuen, M. S., & Braten, I. (2005). Decoding, knowledge, and strategies
138 132 in comprehension of expository text. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 46(2), Simon, B., Anderson, R., Hoyer, C., & Su, J. (2004). Preliminary experiences with a tablet PC based system to support active learning in computer science courses, ITICSE 04, June 28 30, Leeds, UK. Staal, L.A. (2000). The story face: An adaptation of story mapping that incorporates visualization and discovery learning to enhance reading and writing. The Reading Teacher, 54(1), Stein, N. L., & Glenn, C. G. (1979). An analysis of story comprehension in elementary school children. In R. O. Freedle (Ed.), New Directions in Discourse Processing (pp53-120). Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Thorndyke, E. L. (1977). Cognitive structures in comprehension and memory for narrative discource. Cognitive Psychology, 9,
140 134 National consciousness and ethnic consciousness: Focusing on Taiwan indigenous peoples schooling experience in Japanese colonial period Yao-Chung Chang Associate Professor, Department of Early Childhood Care and Education, Chung Hwa University of Medical Abstract Japanese gave indigenous people new educational institutions and activities, also imposed Japanese national consciousness into indigenous people s minds by the assimilative education. To accept Japanese education for indigenous people was a new experience. When indigenous people were implanted national consciousness by the Japanese education, in the same time, they also were evoked ethnic consciousness. That is to say that when indigenous people with Japanese educational experience learned national constitutes, and they also learned to define ethnicity. The research will be trying to inquire how Japanese colonists to form national consciousness by colonial education, the origin of ethnicity of Taiwan indigenous people in Japanese colonial period, and the relation of coexist and confrontation between national consciousness and ethnic consciousness. Keywords: national consciousness, ethnic consciousness, Taiwan indigenous people, Japanese colonial period, schooling experience.
142 136 nation-state building 1 national conscious 2 ethnicity, ethnic consciousness 3 1 Will Kymlicka nation nationalism 3 a abc 1931 b abc 1932 c abc 1936 c a b c d d 1928 e e 1932
143 a b 1-2 f fg 1931 g fg 1932 f h h 1931 i i 1930 j j 1932
146 % 9 / a vs ( )
148 h 10 11
151 Atayal abc
152 d B u n u n isbukun e Seediq fg B ala h Atayal Bunun 14 Ravar Vucul 100 1,500 Tjuvasavasai Palirayan ( 2011)
153 abc community e ( 2008) 16 ( ) b
154 attribution belonging 19
155 i Tanah Tunux Plmukan Khilang Khabu abc
156 i j abc e 20 the other nation race
158 152 Ainu
159 153 ethnicity primordialists instrumentalists Hutchinson & Smith 1996
169 (1960) 心 理 學 新 論 2Gu i l ford, J. P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2 1 (1978) 社 會 及 行 為 科 學 研 究 法 2Mussen, P. H., Conger, J. J., & Kagan, J. (1974). Child development and personality. New York: Harper & Row. 3 1 (1978) 師 大 教 育 心 理 學 報, Watson, J. B. (1913). Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological Review,5 (20), Lehman, I. J., & Phillips, S. E. (1987). A survey of state teacher -competencyexamination programs. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 71, (1981) 比 較 教 育 2Letheridge, S., & Cannon, C. R. (Eds.). (1980). Bilingual education: Teaching English as a second language. New York: Praeger.
170 5 / 1 (1992) 教 育 研 究 所 集 刊 ( ) 2Kahn, J. V. (1984). Cognitive training and its relationship to the language of profoundly retarded children. In J. M. Berg (Ed.), Perspectives and progress in mental retardation (pp ). Baltimore, MD: University Park. 6 1 (1989) 教 育 評 鑑 的 模 式 (D. L. Stufflebeam A. J. Shinkfield 1985 ) 2Habermas, J. (1984). The theory of communicative action (T. McCarthy, Trans.). Boston: Beacon Press. (Original work published 1981).
Journal of China Institute of Technology Vol.30-2004.6 A Study on the Value Concept and Related Factors of the Students in Vocational High School in Taiwan Tseng-Chai ChengJan- Shing SunChing-Kuo Cheng
Research on Using Art-play to Construct Elementary School Students' Visual Art Aesthetic Sensibility ~Case of Da-Yuan Elementary School E I E II Abstract Research on Using Art-play to Construct Elementary
RReadingWritingArithmetic People with goals succeed because they know where they are going 2 Prepare our students for life Promote their thinking and broaden their horizons Owing to the infl ux of digital
Service Science and Management 服 务 科 学 和 管 理, 2013, 2, 1-8 http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ssem.2013.21001 Published Online February 2013 (http://www.hanspub.org/journal/ssem.html) An Empirical Study of the
Improving Students' English Learning In The Institute of Technical & Vocational Education By The Strategies of TQM A Case Study of South Taiwan University of Technology NSC 93-2516-S-218-003 930801 950731
10384 200015128 UDC Exploration on Design of CIB s Human Resources System in the New Stage (MBA) 2004 2004 2 3 2004 3 2 0 0 4 2 WTO Abstract Abstract With the rapid development of the high and new technique
111 2011 9 111-144 * *email@example.com 112 Journal of Management & Operations September 2011, Number5/6, pp. 111-144 The county and city government actively engage in holding festival activities to
Hong Kong Teachers Centre JournalVol. 8 Hong Kong Teachers Centre 2009!"#$%&'()*+,-./0 Review and reflection on the senior middle school Chinese language curriculum standard in mainland China!"#$ Abstract
P.2 P.3 P.5 P.7 P.8 P.9 P.10 P.11 P.13 P.15 P.17 P.18 P.20 P.22 P.24 English Language I. Aims of the English Language curriculum at senior level to broaden and deepen the language competencies learners
ISSUE 4 AUG. 2015 / JOURNAL OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS IN WEST CHINA / 018 DOI: 10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20150405 任留柱, 田长丰. 环境设计 景观方向 研究生教育中的设计能力培养探索[J]. 西部人居环境学刊, 2015, 30(04): 18-22. 环境设计 景观方向 研究生教育中的设计能力培养探索*
Hong Kong Teachers Centre JournalVol. 8 Hong Kong Teachers Centre 2009! "#$%&'()*+=! A case study on students ability to express emotion in his Chinese composition Abstract This article is a longitudinal
I II Title of Thesis: The Analysis on the Need of Reading on the Journal of Foreign Lablr for Foreign Labors and their Employers Name of Institute: Graduate of Publishing Organizations Management Institute