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1 , 2, 1, 1 3, (1., ;2., ;3., ) :[ ], [ ] /, [ ], , , %, ,,,,12 14/ 10 21/ 10 11/ 10 15/ 10 ; / / / / 10, 10, / ;, /, / 10, / ; 10,, /, / [ ],, /, / ; /, /, : ; ; ; :R73-31 :A : (2002) Statistical Analysis of Data from 12 Cancer Registries in China, LI Lian2di 1, RAO Ke2qin 2, ZHANG Si2wei 1, et al. (1. National Office of Cancer Research and Control, Beijing , China ; 2. Center for Health Statistics Information Ministry of Health, Beijing , China) Abstract : [ Purpose ] To explore the characteristics of cancer incidence and mortality in the population of established cancer registries in China. [ Method]All new cancer cases, cancer deaths and the population data covered in 12 selected cancer registries (5 urban cities and 7 rural counties) in China in were analyzed by the methods of cancer registry recommended by IARC/ IACR. [ Results] There were newcancer cases and cancer deaths among person2years in all 12 cancer registries during the study period. More than 88 % of those cases were diagnosed by first2or second-grade exams. The ratio of death to incidence of cancer were and other data verifying indices also met the international requirements. In the cities, the age-adjusted incidence rates of cancers from all sites were 14/ 100,000 21/ 100, 000 and 11/ 100, 00015/ 100, 000 among the males and females, respectively. In the rural residents, these rates were / 100, / 100,000 and 48. 1/ 100, / 100,000 among the males and the females,respectively. The ten leading can2 cers of incidence and death were identical in urbans male, included lung, stomach, liver, colon/ rectum, esophagus, pancreas,baldder, lym2 phoma, leukemia and brain. In urbans female the ten leading cancers of incidence and death were also identical, with a big difference on ranking. The ranking incidence was cancers of lung, breast, colon/ rectum, stomach, liver, ovary, esophagus, pancreas, uterus and brain,and the ranking of mortality was cancers of lung, stomach, liver, colon/ rectum, breast, pancreas, esophgus, brain, ovary and corpus uteri. The ten leading cancers of incidence and mortality were basically identical in male rural residents, including cancers of stomach, liver, esophagus, lung, colon/ rectum, nasopharynx, leukemia, brain, pancreas, and malignant lymphoma. In female rural resident the ten leading cancers were almost identical with a little difference on ranking. The ranking incidence was cancers of stomach, liver, breast, lung, colon/ rectum, esophagus, nasopharynx, leukemia, brain, pancreas, corpus uteri, and the ranking mortality was cancers of stomach, liver, esophagus, lung, colon/ rec2 tum, breast, leukemia, brain, pancreas, uterus, nasopharynx. [ Conclusion] Substantial differences were observed in cancer incidence and mortality in China. In urban residents in the study the common cancer sites were lung,stomach,liver,esophagus and pancrease in males,breast, lung, colun/ rectum, stomach, liver and ovary in females. In rural residents those were stomach, liver, esophagus, lung, colon/ rectum and na2 sopharynx in males,stomach,liver,breast,lung,colon/ rectum and esophagus in females. In order to know the exact cancer information,to estab2 lish a complete cancer registry system in China is necessary. Key words : neoplasms ; epidemiology; cancer registry ; incidence ; mortality; China : : ( )

2 , 12 2,, ( IARC) / ( IACR) (CIFC), ,,, 1, , ; + 4, , ( ) ; () , , ; ( 1) , , ( 2) ,, ( ICD )

3 , , , , 26 / 0. 57, / 8, , ( 6) /, , ( 7) ( DCN) (DCO) DCN ( 4) DCO (1/ 10 ) ( 3) % 5 % %, 6 %, %, 4 %59. 4 % ( ) ( ) ICD ;, 7 %, 4 %9 % ;, 8 %3 %,,3 %( 5) ,,, ( 8) , / 10 30/ 10, 39. 5/ / 10, ( 9), ,, 14/ 10 21/ 10 11/ 10 15/ 10,,,, ; / / / / 10,,,

4 () (1/ 10 ) () ( ICD29) 3 62,15, 55, 58 62, 20, 60 80, 80, 10,, (20 (1/ 10 ) ), ; 10 ;,

5 ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / / / / / (189) (189) (161) (185) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) / / ( ICD) ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / / / (156)

6 ( ICD) ( ICD) %8 % 5 / 39. 3/ / 10,, 10 9/ 10 7 %8 % ; 5 / / / 10 9/ 10,,, ;, 16/ 10 28/ 10 4/ 10 15/ 10, %98. 1 % 5, /,, ; % 2. 9 % 5 / , ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / / , 12/ 10 23/ 10, (161) / / / (161) / 8. 7 / , 15,20, 80 (20 49 ),

7 ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / ( ICD) / / / / (156) ( ICD) ( ICD) / 8. 4 (193) (179) 8 / (1/ 10 ) , %90. 7 % 5 /, %8 % 5 /, 10 9 %98. 0 % 5 /, 10 8 %9 % 5 /,

8 () (1/ 10 ) () (1/ 10 ) % ; ;, 3, 0, , 5,, ,, ,, 12, 14/ 10 21/ 10 11/ 10 15/ 10, ( , ), ( , ) / / /

9 ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / / / / / (161) (189) ( ICD) ( ICD) ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / / / / / 9. 1 (156) (179) (156) / 10 ; 20 79, 9/ 10 (20 49 ), 16/ / 10 9/ 10,

10 ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / (161) ( ICD) / (161) ( ICD) / ( ICD) / ( ICD) / ( ICD) / 9 ( ICD) / ; 16/ 10 28/ 10 4/ 10 15/ 10, :, 25 79,, 10,, /, ; 10,, /, : / (100034) (200032) 10 (300060) (430022), / (150001) (350200) ; 10 (050013) (450003),, (226200) /, (532100) (314100) / (262600)

11 ( ICD) (1/ 10 ) / 9 ( ICD) / 9 ( ICD) / (179) ( ICD) / ( ICD) / (156) 8 ( ICD) / 8 ( ICD) (179) / , : 2003, 112 A4,, 10, 120 CN / R, ISSN , , 4917BM, : 440 (250117), : (0531) , (0531) , E - mail : lic. jn. sd. cn

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