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1 58 * 英 语 词 汇 习 得 自 我 调 节 能 力 与 四 级 英 语 成 绩 的 关 系 石 运 章 本 研 究 以 D rnyei 自 我 调 节 策 略 系 统 为 理 论 指 导, 对 通 过 整 群 随 机 抽 样 得 到 的 8 个 专 业 300 名 非 英 语 专 业 二 年 级 大 学 生 词 汇 学 习 自 我 调 节 能 力 与 四 级 英 语 成 绩 的 关 系 进 行 了 研 究 结 果 表 明 : 1) 除 环 境 控 制 能 力 较 强 外, 学 生 英 语 词 汇 学 习 自 我 调 节 能 力 处 于 中 等 略 微 偏 上 水 平, 个 体 差 异 较 大 ; 2) 学 生 词 汇 学 习 自 我 调 节 能 力 厌 烦 及 情 感 控 制 能 力 与 他 们 的 四 级 英 语 统 考 总 成 绩, 尤 其 是 写 作 成 绩, 存 在 显 著 正 相 关 ; 3) 低 分 及 中 分 组 学 生 的 英 语 词 汇 学 习 自 我 调 节 能 力 及 各 分 量 表 都 与 四 级 英 语 统 考 成 绩 无 显 著 关 系 ; 但 高 分 组 学 生 的 四 级 英 语 成 绩 却 和 他 们 在 学 习 词 汇 时 自 我 调 节 各 项 能 力 有 显 著 的 中 度 正 相 关, 且 高 分 组 比 中 分 组 学 生 具 有 更 高 的 词 汇 学 习 自 我 调 节 能 力 和 厌 烦 及 情 感 控 制 能 力 自 我 调 节 能 力 ; 词 汇 习 得 ; 四 级 英 语 成 绩 Cohen 1998 Ehrman et al 2003 Macaro 2001 O Malley & Chamot 1990 Oxford 1990 Purdie & Oliver 1999 D rnyei & Skehan Wenden 1991 self - regulation D rnyei Ellis 1994 Tseng et al Tseng et al 2006 Oxford 1990 SILL SILL SILL SILL SILL Tseng & Schmitt Schunk & Zimmerman 2008 Boekaerts et al * 该 论 文 得 到 2011 年 度 山 东 省 社 会 科 学 基 金 项 目 11CWZJ43 的 支 持, 特 此 致 谢

2 59 1 MSLQ 2. MSLQ 2. 1 被 试 Kuhl 1987 Corno & Kanfer 1993 D rnyei % 111 commitment control strategies 37% 65 21% % metacognitive control strategies 2. 2 调 查 工 具 satiation control strategies emotion control strategies SRCvoc environmental control strategies SRCvoc D rnyei Tseng 2006 MSLQ Tseng D rnyei & Schmitt Tseng et al Tseng et al Boekaerts et al D rnyei 2001 Tseng 数 据 收 集 与 分 析 1 动 机 策 略 学 习 问 卷 由 密 西 根 大 学 Paul Pintrich 及 其 同 事 设 计, 旨 在 测 量 大 学 生 动 机 及 学 习 策 略

3 SRCvoc SPSS r =. 13 p <. 05 r =. 144 p <. 05 r =. 138 p < r =. 133 p <. 05 r =. 131 p < r =. 151 p <. 01 r = p <. 01 r =. 129 p < N = N = *. 144 * *. 133* *. 151 **. 168 **. 129 * * p. 05 ** p

4 61 * **. 330 *. 356 **. 432 **. 285 *. 282 * p. 05 ** p. 01 r =. 432 p < F p Scheffe Nation 2001

5 62 FLLTP word family 1 Carter % 1 2 SRCvoc % 1 = = % 2 = = % % 3 83% 4 1 词 族 由 一 个 中 心 词 若 干 曲 折 变 化 词 及 其 派 生 词 组 成, 但 不 包 括 复 合 词 专 有 名 称 和 缩 写, 也 不 包 括 短 语 动 词 和 习 语 2 自 我 监 控 能 力 指 学 习 者 在 学 习 过 程 中 自 我 调 节 认 识 活 动 以 提 高 认 知 操 作 水 平 的 能 力 在 董 奇 和 周 勇 编 制 的 自 我 监 控 学 习 问 卷 中, 它 包 含 8 个 维 度 : 计 划 性 准 备 性 意 识 性 方 法 性 执 行 性 反 馈 性 补 救 性 总 结 性

6 63 states. In F. Halish and J. Kuhl eds. Motivation Intention and Volition. Berlin Springer. Macaro E Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms. London Continuum. Nation I. S. P Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge Cambridge University Press. O Malley J. M. & A. U. Chamot Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. New York Cam- bridge University Press. Oxford R. L Language Learning Strategies What Every Teacher Should Know. New York Newbury House Purdie N. & R. Oliver Language learning strategies used by bilingual school - aged children. System Schunk D. H. & B. J. Zimmerman Motivation and Self - regulated Learning Theory Research and Applications. New York Lawrence Erlbaum. Tseng W. T. Z. D rnyei & N. Schmitt A new approach to accessing strategic learning The case of self - regulation in vocabulary acquisition. Applied Linguistics Tseng W. T. & N. Schmitt Toward a model of motivated vocabulary learning a structural equation modeling approach. Language Learning Boekaerts M. P. R. Pinrtich & M. Zeidner Handbook on Self - regulation. San Diego Academic Press. Carter R Vocabulary Applied Linguistic Perspective 2nd ed. London Routledge. Cohen A. D Strategies in Learning and Using a Second Language. Harlow Longman. Corno L. & R. Kanfer The role of volition in learning Wenden A Learner Strategies for Learner Autonomy Planning and Implementing Learner Training for Language Learners. Hemel Hempstead Prentice Hall. Zimmerman B. J Theories of self - regulated learning and academic achievement An overview and analysis. In Zimmerman B. J. & D. H. Schunk Ends. Self - regulated Learning and Academic Achievement Theoretical and performance. Review of Research in Education Perspectives pp Mahwah NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. D rnyei Z Motivational Strategies in the Language Classroom. Cambridge Cambridge University Press. D rnyei Z. & P. Skehan Individual differences in second language learning. In C. J. Doughty & M. H. Long eds. The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford Blackwell. D rnyei Z The Psychology of the Language Learner Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition. Mahwah NJ Lawrence Erlbaum. Ehrman M. E. B. L. Leaver & R. L. Oxford A brief overview of individual differences in second language learning. System Ellis R The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford Oxford University Press. Kuhl J Action control The maintenance of ( 文 字 编 校 : 徐 江 王 亚 民 )

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