语篇中指代词的分布规律与心理机制*

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "语篇中指代词的分布规律与心理机制*"

Transcription

1 ~238 Advances in Psychological Science PLS B849:C93 1 [1] 45~65 Hofstede [2] Chemers Hofstede [4,5] Chemers idiographic approach [6] Hofstede 40 IBM nomothetic 4 approach HouseWright [3] *

2 Hofstede Bond [7] R. Silin 60 Silin 1976 [8] Silin [6] [8] Silin [9] 2.2 Redding Redding ese capitalismpaterna [10] Redding Silin

3 13 2 [9] Redding 20 Redding [1 3] Silin Redding 2.4 CPM Redding 1987 [14] PM Pperformance Mmaintenance Redding CPM 1991 [11] CPM [15] 2.3 Westwood 2.5 Westwood1992,1997 [12,13] model of paternalistic headship 2004 [16] Westwood (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 3 (6) (7) (8) (9) Westwood 3.1

4 SilinRedding [17] [18] (1995) [17] CPM [14,15,19] 4 [6] [18] [14,15,19] 1997 [20] 3

5 [21,22] [23] 1 follower [6]

6 PLS 1995 [17] [24] [6] [9,25] [6] [18] CPM [14] C paternali stic leader ship PLS scale 20 PLS

7 13 2 [25] pan-familism [9] [24] mutuality

8 [26] 2002 [34] 2002 [35] (2002) [36] [28] 2 [33] LM 2002 [29] 2002 [30] 2002 [37] [38] 2003 [27] 2002 [39] [ ] 2002 [29] 2002 [30] 2002 [31] 2001 [32] [33] [40] [41] 3 [9]

9 [27~39,42] 3 [27~39,42] 3 [27] 2003 PLS [32,33,37,38,42,43] [9] [27]

10 [44] [37] [1] Northouse P G. Leadership: Theory and practice. 2nd Edition. London: Sage, ~4 [2] Bass B M. Bass and Stogdill's handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial application. New York: Free Press, ~830 [3] House R J, Wright N S, Aditya R N. Cross-cultural research on organizational leadership: A critical analysis and a proposed theory. In: Earley P C, Erze M ed. New Perspectives on international industrial/organizational psychology, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass / Pfeiffer, ~625 [4] Hofstede G H. Motivation, leadership, and organization: Do American theories apply abroad?. Organization Dynamics, 1980, 9(1): 42~63 [5] Hofstede G H. Cultural constraints in management theories. In: Hussey D ed. International Review of Strategic Management. Volume 5. New York: Wiley, ~48 [6],,. :.,2000,14: ~64 3 [7] Hofstede G H, Bond M H. The confucius connection: From cultural roots to economic growth. Organizational Dynamics, 1988, 16(4): 4~21 [8] Silin R H. Leadership and value: The organization of

11 13 2 large-scale Taiwan enterprises. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, ~128 [22].,1995,3: ~ [9],. : [23]..,2000,13: ~ [10] Redding S G. The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism. New York: Walter de Gruyter, ~136 [11] Redding G, Wong G Y Y. The psychology of Chinese organizational behavior. In: Bond M H ed. The psychology of Chinese people, Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, ~295 [12] Westwood R I, Chan A. Headship and leadership. In: Westwood R I ed. Organizational behavior: A Southeast Asian perspective. Hong Kong: Longman Group, ~139 [13] Westwood R. Harmony and patriarchy: The cultural basis for paternalistic headship among the overseas Chinese. Organization Studies, 1997, 18(3): 445~ [24] :, ~ 407 [25],..,2000,8(4): ~ [26].. :.., ~ 388 [27],,. :.,2003,20: 209~252 [28] [14],,.CPM. [29].,1987,2: ~ [15],,. [30]..,1991,3: ~ [16],.. [31].,2004,36(1): 110~ [17]. : [32]..,1995,79: ~173 [33]. [18], [34] Cheng B S, Huang M P, Chou L F. Paternalistic leadership,1981,4: ~41 2 and its effectiveness: Evidence from Chinese [19 ].. :. organizational teams(in Chinese). Journal of Psychology in -. :,1991. Chinese Societies(Hong Kong), 2002, 3(1): 85~ ~445 [20] Farh J L, Earley P C, Lin S C. Impetus for action: A cultural analysis of justice and organizational citizenship behaviour in Chinese society. Administrative Science Quarterly, 1997, 42: 421~444 [35],,. :.,2002,17: 105~161 [36],,. [21]..,2002,18: 50 13~,1995,3: 214~ 219 [37].

12 ,2000,13: 219~ 227 [38]. :. [42] [39]. [43] [40]. [44],.,2000,13: 195~ 202.,2004,27(3): ~ [41].. A Review of Paternalistic Leadership Research Zhou Hao 1, Long Lirong ( 1 Department of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan , China) ( 2 College of Management, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan , China) 2 Abstract: Paternalistic leadership (PL) was based on Chinese traditional culture and different from western leadership theories. It was a basic character of organizations in Chinese culture, and had been found to be prevalent in kinds of Chinese organizations. Authoritarianism, benevolence, and moral leadership were regarded as three elements of paternalistic leadership. In this paper, a review of paternalistic leadership research was given and the deep cultural roots of PL were analyzed, the three-elements theory of paternalistic leadership and PLS (paternalistic leadership scale) were introduced. At last, the problems of PL research and research orientation are provided, for example, effectiveness of PL in specific fields and the relationships between the three elements of PL should be given more attention in the future. Key words: paternalistic leadership, authoritarian leadership, benevolent leadership, moral leadership.

CMRO 中国文化对外传播效果研究

CMRO 中国文化对外传播效果研究 1 5 16 ; ; [China Media Report Overseas. 2011; 7(4): 25-37] 2004 11 2010 10 322 369 691 96 () 2 8 5 2008 --2010 5 16 7 2 5 1 1 1 16 1 [] 08EXW001 2.[M].2005. http://www.chinamediaoverseas.com 25 editor@chinamediaoverseas.com

More information

untitled

untitled 96 ~ 96 4 96... iv...1...1...2...3...4...4...4...4...5...6...7...7...7...9... 11... 11...13 (inward looking)...13 (outward looking)...14 (forward looking)...15...19 (Account ability Dilemmas)...19 (Paradigm

More information

Ansell Gash ~ ~ Rhodes ~ H. Haken 20 90

Ansell Gash ~ ~ Rhodes ~ H. Haken 20 90 2012 4 162 2012 7 Comparative Economic & Social Systems No. 4 2012 Jul. 2012 C916 A 1003-3947 2012 04-0157-12 158 2012 4 1999 284 1 Ansell Gash 2007 543 ~ 571 2006 34 ~ 35 2009 2011 2011 1 2001 200 2002

More information

BIBLID 0254-4466(2001)19:1 pp. 249-276 19 1 90 6 ** * ** 88 I 2000 8 249 250 19 1 251 1873-1929 1900 1 1902 1 35 1900 1960 7-12 252 19 1 2 3 2 1900 1902 3 2000 129-197 253 4 5 6 4 1902 1962 103 5 Joseph

More information

穨hair&sick

穨hair&sick "Medical Knowledge and Uses of Hair in Traditional China" 199777 The Taniguchi Foundation Medicine and the Expressive Body The 22nd International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine: East

More information

( ),,,,,,, [ 5 ],,,,,,,,????,,?,,,,,,,,,,, [ 6 ],,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, [ 6 ],,,, 6,,, [ 3 ],,,,,, [ 7 ],,,,, [ 8 ],,,,,,,,,,!!,,,,, [ 8 ],, ( ),, 20,,,,

( ),,,,,,, [ 5 ],,,,,,,,????,,?,,,,,,,,,,, [ 6 ],,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, [ 6 ],,,, 6,,, [ 3 ],,,,,, [ 7 ],,,,, [ 8 ],,,,,,,,,,!!,,,,, [ 8 ],, ( ),, 20,,,, 2008 2 No12 2008 ( ) Journal of Sichuan University ( Social Science Edition) Sum No1155, (, 410081) :,,,, : ;, : ; ; : K261. 2 : A : 100620766 (2008) 0220005211, [ 1 ],,,,,,,, : ( ),,, :,, ( ), [ 2 ],,,

More information

概述

概述 100872 1999~2003 financial management 50 1 2 2001 Keating1995 2001 Eisenhardt1989 1 19 20 50 2 2001 1 2001 20 case 3 4 case study Shaw1927 Yin1988 how why 1982 5 2002 Piet2003 6 3 4 5 6 2003 2 Yin1988

More information

untitled

untitled 19932005 1 1993-2005 The Urban Residential Housing System in Shanghai 1993-2005: the Marketization Process and Housing Affordability Jie Chen, Assistant Professor, Management School of Fudan University,

More information

A B A B S + V + Pt or Complement + Num-MP + O a b SVO c 2 9 * 10 * X Y

A B A B S + V + Pt or Complement + Num-MP + O a b SVO c 2 9 * 10 * X Y * / 1. 1 + + + 1 NPL + V + + NP A 1 B 5 2 6 3 7 4 8 * 1 2009. 10 557 24 2010 4 1996 2001 2001 2005 2006 2006 A B A B 2003 64 S + V + Pt or Complement + Num-MP + O a b SVO c 2 9 * 10 * 11 12 1. 2 1 + +

More information

three regions or three strata 3 Seneca 4 ~ 65 Quaestiones naturales 4 Themon 1349 ~ 1361 Questions on the Four Books of Aristotle's Meteorolo

three regions or three strata 3 Seneca 4 ~ 65 Quaestiones naturales 4 Themon 1349 ~ 1361 Questions on the Four Books of Aristotle's Meteorolo 33 3 2014 259 271 Studies in the History of Natural Sciences Vol. 33 No. 3 2014 100190 N092 P1-092 A 1000-1224 2014 03-0259-13 exhalation vapour smoke 1 2 2014-02-18 2014-09-21 1977 260 33 1 three regions

More information

Lina

Lina DOI:10.13240/j.cnki.caujsse.2011.04.022 28 4 2011 12 China Agricultural University Journal of Social Sciences Edition Vol. 28 No. 4 Dec. 2011 coming out 1 public self private self 2011-07-20 100871 4 143

More information

国 国 国

国 国 国 1 * 1995 1 3 1994 200 2 2 国 国 国 1979 1987 201 1. 3 2. 4 3. 5 4. 6 5. 7 3 15 586 1975-1981 4 19 704 5 24 833 6 80 2607 7 42 1481 202 6. 8 7. 儁 9 8. 効 10 9. 11 10. 12 11. 13 12. 8 58 1878 9 71 2311 60 2273

More information

156 ( ) [2] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [5] [6] 1747 [ 7 ] ( ) [ 8 ] [2] 12 [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [

156 ( ) [2] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [5] [6] 1747 [ 7 ] ( ) [ 8 ] [2] 12 [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [ BIBLID 1026-5279 (2005) 94:2 p. 155-172 (2005.12) 155 1324 1254 1 330 1936 1747 [ 1 ] Keywords Ma Tuan-lin Wen-hsien T ng-k ao Catalog Edition E-mail: craacl@faculty. pccu.edu.tw [1] 1626 6 156 (2005.12)

More information

國家圖書館典藏電子全文

國家圖書館典藏電子全文 1 1 1 1983 549 1977 59 2 2 3 4 5 2 2000 5-143 3 4 1998 709 5 640 3 4 5 6 6 6 10-12 7 8 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 7 1 12 1921 7 66-79 8 12 1929 12 691-697 9 1962 9 20 10 1989 3 385-397 11 1963 343-365

More information

44(1) (1) (4) (4) 63-88TSSCI Liu, W. Y., & Teele S. (2009). A study on the intelligence profile

44(1) (1) (4) (4) 63-88TSSCI Liu, W. Y., & Teele S. (2009). A study on the intelligence profile 03-8632639 E-mail weiyu@mail.ndhu.edu.tw //1997/8~2000/7 / 2008 8 () 1992 8 1. 2. 3. 4. Wei-Yu Liu 2001.8~2008.7 * SCI EI SSCI A&HCI A 2016 11(1) 1-11 Liu, W. Y. (2015). The Study of Writing Reflective

More information

~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~ 36 4 2015 385 ~ 397 The Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology Vol. 36 No. 4 2015 1951 ~ 1956 100049 100190 1951 ~ 1966 1951 ~ 1956 N092 P62-092 A 1673-1441 2015 04-0385-13 1951 ~ 1966

More information

1

1 1 2 EI ( 2005) 3 EI ( 2005) 4 2006 3 1 2 3 EI ( 2005) http://www.ei.org.cn/twice/coverage.jsp ISSN 0567-7718 Acta Mechanica Sinica/Lixue Xuebao 1006-7191 Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters) 0253-4827

More information

166 Evidence Science Vol.22 No.2 2014 * 361005 D915.13 A 1674-1226 2014 02-0166-14 Object as Method: Rethinking of the Psychology Analysis in Judge s Fact Finding from Professor Zhu Suli s Speech on The

More information

20第十一章ok.doc

20第十一章ok.doc (Mass media) (Political Socialization) (Noam Chomsky 1928) (Free press) (Information society) (Political bias) (Spatial leadership) (Cultural globalization) (Consumerism) (Propaganda) (Censorship)

More information

Schumpeter Mensch Freeman Clark Schumpeter Mensch 1975 technological stalemate 2000 Van Dujin 1977 OECD 1992 Freeman 1982 Van

Schumpeter Mensch Freeman Clark Schumpeter Mensch 1975 technological stalemate 2000 Van Dujin 1977 OECD 1992 Freeman 1982 Van 32 1 2011 1 Science Research Management Vol. 32 No. 1 January 2011 1000-2995 2011 01-009 - 0001 310058 GDP F204 F037. 1 A Van Dujin 1977 1 Keynes Keynes 2008 90 2009-10 2010-05. 70573092 INDIA&CHINA 2000-2050

More information

intention volition DNA Francis Crick 1. mind-body 2. nature-nurture 3. functional localization MRI MEG MRI 106

intention volition DNA Francis Crick 1. mind-body 2. nature-nurture 3. functional localization MRI MEG MRI 106 MRI MEG MRI MEG MRI MEG neuroscience mind science cognitive neuroscience magnetic encephalogram, MEG magnetic resonance imaging, MRI 2015 3 16 2 105 intention volition DNA Francis Crick 1. mind-body 2.

More information

1

1 Hong Kong Teachers Centre JournalVol. 8 Hong Kong Teachers Centre 2009! "#$%&'()*+=! A case study on students ability to express emotion in his Chinese composition Abstract This article is a longitudinal

More information

BIBLID 0254-4466(2001)19:2 pp. 281-311 19 2 90 12 987-1053 987?-1053? * 281 282 19 2 1034-1038 1 2 1 1957 3 91-98 James R. Hightower, The Song Writer Liu Yung, part 1 & 2, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies,

More information

On Macro-Planning for China s English Education from Elementary to Tertiary Levels in the Era of Globalization MEI Deming ZHAO Meijuan Abstract This p

On Macro-Planning for China s English Education from Elementary to Tertiary Levels in the Era of Globalization MEI Deming ZHAO Meijuan Abstract This p On Macro-Planning for China s English Education from Elementary to Tertiary Levels in the Era of Globalization MEI Deming ZHAO Meijuan Abstract This paper explores the mechanism of macro-planning for China

More information

a NGO b c d e a b c d e

a NGO b c d e a b c d e NGO a b a b a NGO b c d e a b c d e NGO a b c d e f g a b c d e f g 1 NGO + - a b c a b c a b NGO a b a b a b a b c a b c a a a a a Action Strategies of Chinese Environmental NGO during the Transformation

More information

untitled

untitled 1 ( ) ( Angrosino, M. (2007). Doing Ethnographic and Observational Research (Book 3 of The SAGE Qualitative Research Kit). London: Sage. Barbour, R. (2007) Doing Focus Group (Book 4 of The SAGE

More information

Buroway 1978 p Przeworski and Wallerstein Zingales Rajan and Zingales 1998 Blair 2005 Blair and Stott

Buroway 1978 p Przeworski and Wallerstein Zingales Rajan and Zingales 1998 Blair 2005 Blair and Stott * 2007 77 19 1882 353 1 20 70 Buroway 1978 p. 256 * 100872 mengjie@ ruc. edu. cn 2005 1 2005 15 1972 571 Buroway 1978 p. 256 80 Przeworski and Wallerstein 1982 2002 2005 Zingales 2000 1998 Rajan and Zingales

More information

2 P30 ~ / 2 P P P122 3 P

2 P30 ~ / 2 P P P122 3 P 2 0 1 2 7 July 2 0 1 2 4 1 4 Journal of Shanghai Normal University Philosophy & Social Sciences Edition Vol. 41 No. 4 I210. 97 A 1004-8634 2012 04-0118- 11 030012 1 P70 1. 2 P31 2. 2012-03-21 1953-118

More information

國立中山大學學位論文典藏

國立中山大學學位論文典藏 A Study of Japanese Colonial Education Policies in Taiwan the Case of Language Textbooks for Elementary School. Abstracts The major purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Japanese

More information

2

2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 O1 O2 O3... On G1 G2 G3... Gn A1 A2 A3... An 8 9 1. 2. 5. 3. 4. 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 1 1 1 1 1 1

More information

(emigration),, :,,, 18-19, 12-13, 17-20,,, 17-20,,,,, 15, 17-18, ( Push - Pull Theory),,,, 1926, 375, 31115, 83 %, 300, 90 % [1 ],,,,?,? [2 ] 17-19,,,

(emigration),, :,,, 18-19, 12-13, 17-20,,, 17-20,,,,, 15, 17-18, ( Push - Pull Theory),,,, 1926, 375, 31115, 83 %, 300, 90 % [1 ],,,,?,? [2 ] 17-19,,, 2001 3 1 Overseas Chinese History Studies Mar., 2001 No. 1 : 17-18 (, 361005) [ ] ; ; ; [ ] 17-18,,, 16, 17-18,, 17 20,, 17-18 [ ] D63413 [ ] A [ ] 1002-5162 (2001) 01-0028 - 14 [ ] 2000208231 Interaction

More information

M 2 ΠGDP (1996) M2ΠGDP (2000) (2000) (2001) (2001) (2001) (2002) (2002) (2002) (2003) (2001) (2005) (2005) (2006) (2004) M2ΠGDP ; M2ΠGDP ; M2ΠG

M 2 ΠGDP (1996) M2ΠGDP (2000) (2000) (2001) (2001) (2001) (2002) (2002) (2002) (2003) (2001) (2005) (2005) (2006) (2004) M2ΠGDP ; M2ΠGDP ; M2ΠG 3 2006 GDP 1017 % (CPI) 115 % 2005 (Pagano 1993 ; King and Levin 1993 ;Rajan and Zingales 1998 ; 2001) (1984) (1989) (1992) (1992) (2005) M2 (1996 1997) (2000) ; (2002) (2006) ( ) 3 ( 06&ZD004-01) 4 2007

More information

234 Y Keyboard

234 Y Keyboard 10 234 Y Keyboard 2003 12 17 10 235 2009 236 10-1 10-1 3C Rosabeth Kanter 2008/1977 Kanter 10 237 Kanter token tokenism Kanter tokenism Kanter spillover effects of sex role 238 Patricia Roos Barbara Reskin

More information

LABOR ECONOMICS AND PUBLIC POLICY RESEARCH CENTER ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY WORKING PAPERS SERIES 70233003 Zhu & Warner, 2000 (1999) : % % % % 1993 12358 51 6 34794 99 8 684 24 8 19468 113 9 1994 19098

More information

中國的科學與中國的公民:大陸研究在台灣的困境\\

中國的科學與中國的公民:大陸研究在台灣的困境\\ 90 12 171190 * 225 150 660 1,500 9,000 89 1 * 1 290 142 108 172 225 225 250 225 300 5 300 100 1 773 760 7624 130 120 250 90.9.29 90 12 173 2 20 10 1 100 20 1 161 164 164 225 168 1 4 8 41 164 225 200 250

More information

17

17 49 1 ( ) Vol. 49 No. 1 2009 1 Journal of Henan University (Social Science) Jan. 2009 () ()? (, 475001) :, () ; ;2500 3000,,, : ; ; ; ;; :B812092 : A : 1000-5242 (2009) 01-0016 - 06 :2008211217 :(1929 -

More information

1

1 1 * Modernity, Religion, and Magic: Governmentalityof a Local Temple By Ding-tzann Lii and Jieh-min Wu Keywords: modernity, folk religion, magic, governmentality, body, Foucault, Durkheim * NSC 93-2412-H-007-001

More information

3 : 505.,,,,,,,,,, 21 [1,2 ] , 21,, 21,, : [3 ]. 1. 3,, 10, 2 ( ),,, ; ; 40, [4 ]. 46, : (1),, (2) 16,,,,, (3) 17, (4) 18,, (5) 19,, (6) 20

3 : 505.,,,,,,,,,, 21 [1,2 ] , 21,, 21,, : [3 ]. 1. 3,, 10, 2 ( ),,, ; ; 40, [4 ]. 46, : (1),, (2) 16,,,,, (3) 17, (4) 18,, (5) 19,, (6) 20 1 9 3 Vol. 19 No. 3 2004 9 (504 514) PROGRESS IN GEOPHYSICS Sep. 2004 (, 100101),,, :,,,,,, P183 A 100422903 (2004) 0320504211 Summarization on Earth system science BI Si2wen ( State Key Laboratory of

More information

引言

引言 1 2 Szelenyi Kostello (1996) Gordon (2000) (Alcock, 1997, pp92-96; Burden, 2000; Duffy, 1998; Gordon et al, 2000; Jordan, 1996; Saraceno, 1997; SEU, 2001) (Bauman, 1998 Silverman & Yanowitch, 1997) 1979

More information

Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅱ Quasi rent Fetter Encyclopaedia of the Social Science ⅩⅢ

Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅱ Quasi rent Fetter Encyclopaedia of the Social Science ⅩⅢ 2010 1 * JEL H27 D72 F014. 31 A 1000-6249 2010 01-0003-012 1 * 100089 zhangshuguang@unirule. org. cn 2008 8 3 12 29 2008 1 3 Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅱ Quasi rent 1 1949 2 1 Fetter Encyclopaedia of the Social Science ⅩⅢ 291

More information

,20 80,,,,, ; 80 90,, [ 4 ], [ 5 ],, ;21,,,,,,,20 80,,,,, ( ) ; ( ) ; ( ) ; ( ) [6 ], 90,,,,, [ 7 ] 21,,,,, [ 8 ],,, 30,,,,,,,,,,, ;,, ;,, ; 30,,,,,,,

,20 80,,,,, ; 80 90,, [ 4 ], [ 5 ],, ;21,,,,,,,20 80,,,,, ( ) ; ( ) ; ( ) ; ( ) [6 ], 90,,,,, [ 7 ] 21,,,,, [ 8 ],,, 30,,,,,,,,,,, ;,, ;,, ; 30,,,,,,, 2009 3 ( 350 ) 30 EDUCA TIONAL RESEARCH No. 3,2009 General,No. 350 30 [ ] 30,,:, ;,;, ;,;, ;, ;, [] ;; ; [ ],, ( 200062) 30,,,,,,,,,, 30,,,,20,,,,, ;, [ 1 ] 30,,,,,20 80,,,,,90,,,21,,,20 70 80,,90, [ 2

More information

01 4 0 80 0 80 K7 D3 A 1003-3815 01-04 - 0049-1 Generation of Academically-Oriented Tradition The CPC History Research in the First Three Years of the 1980s Wu Zhijun Abstract The first three years of

More information

,,, () 20 80,,,,, ;,, ;,, ;,,,,,,,,, [1 ], :,,,,2 2,,, () (),,,,:,,,,:,,,, :, [2 ] :,,,,,,, : AN NA,,,,,, ( ),:,,: ( F) = (A1 + A2 + A3 + An -

,,, () 20 80,,,,, ;,, ;,, ;,,,,,,,,, [1 ], :,,,,2 2,,, () (),,,,:,,,,:,,,, :, [2 ] :,,,,,,, : AN NA,,,,,, ( ),:,,: ( F) = (A1 + A2 + A3 + An - 23 5 2009 9 J OU RNAL OF CH IN ESE IN FORMA TION PROCESSIN G Vol. 23, No. 5 Sep., 2009 : 100320077 (2009) 0520009210, (,) :,, ;,,,, ;,, : ;; ;;; : TP391 : A A Semantic Construction Model bet ween Adjectives

More information

HK-ID.PDF

HK-ID.PDF 1994 1990 1 1993 ideas ethos practice 2 3 4 1990...... 5 1990:120... 1989 12 6 80% 92% 99 75% 7 1957 1967 1973 1974 4 1975 9 1978 1982 8 1990...... 1988... 9 ...... 10 1990 : 1949-1970 1970-1973 1973-1975

More information

ming.PDF

ming.PDF 2762 0174 2877 7954 cwwun@ed.gov.hk http://cd.ed.gov.hk/sbp ~ ~ Copyright 2002, Education Department, HKSAR 4 5 Pianko Tse 6 7 (1990) 150, 200, 250 300 Tse 8 9 10 Guilford Flower & Hayes 11 (Emig, 1971;

More information

國立中山大學學位論文典藏

國立中山大學學位論文典藏 - 1 - - 2 - - 3 - - 4 - - 5 - - 6 - - 7 - - 8 - - 9 - - 10 - - 11 - - 12 - - 13 - - 14 - - 15 - - 16 - - 17 - - 18 - - 19 - - 20 - - 21 - - 22 - - 23 - - 24 - - 25 - - 26 - - 27 - - 28 - - 29 - - 30 -

More information

2 ( ) ,,,,, ( ),, ;, ( ) ; ; 2. (1), (2), (3) ,,

2 ( ) ,,,,, ( ),, ;, ( ) ; ; 2. (1), (2), (3) ,, 2002 3 RESEARCH ON EDUCA TION TSIN GHUA UN IV ERSIT Y No. 3 2002 (, ) 10 ; G647 A 100124519 (2002) 0320001210 1993 10, 1. 1992,1993, ( ) 1993 6, 1993 12 7 32, 1994 1 5, 200225213 (1946 - ), ; 1 2 (2002

More information

, , 10, , %, % %; %, % %,2030,, 2., ,90%,

, , 10, , %, % %; %, % %,2030,, 2., ,90%, 2011 6 108 Journal of Shanghai Finance University No.6, 2011 Apr No.108,2011, 2011 4, ( 200020)!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! :, : ; ; :C913.6 :A :1673-680X(2011)06-0005-12!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!,,

More information

4 10% 90%

4 10% 90% 2016 7 33 4 Journal of Shanghai University Social Sciences Jul. 2016 Vol. 33 No. 4 doi 10. 3969 /j. issn 1007-6522. 2016. 04. 008 201701 D035 A 1007-6522 2016 04-0098-14 1 2016-03-09 GH16049 GH16047 1968-98

More information

p

p 49 2 Vol 49 No 2 2016 3 Journal of Jiangxi Normal University Social Sciences Mar 2016 200042 341000 1936 1949 K262 9 A 1000-579 2016 02-0136 - 13 On the Salaries of Staffs in County Judicial Department

More information

2015 1 330 GLOBAL EDUCATION Vol. 44 No1 2015 / 300387 / 300387 20 20 1926 20 1912 1912 1918 1919 34 1919 1921 1 1922 1923 1925 7 100 2 1922 3 1923 5 1923 1924 4 1927 1949 20 1. 20 5 35 2. 20 20 1927 1949

More information

2001 2,, (Devine & Kiefer, 1991), :, ;,,,,?, 300, 57 % ( Granovetter, 1974),, ( Fernan2 dez & Weinberg, 1997) :,, ( Granovetter, 1973),,,,,,,, (Lin, 1

2001 2,, (Devine & Kiefer, 1991), :, ;,,,,?, 300, 57 % ( Granovetter, 1974),, ( Fernan2 dez & Weinberg, 1997) :,, ( Granovetter, 1973),,,,,,,, (Lin, 1 , 4, 1999,, 3 :,,, 1955,,, ;, 1963, 3,,,, 1956 1999 43,?,? 1999, 4,,,, 20 70, ( Granovetter),, 30, (), ( Information Asymmetry), 77 2001 2,, (Devine & Kiefer, 1991), :, ;,,,,?, 300, 57 % ( Granovetter,

More information

輥輯訛 % 2010~ % Northwestern Journal of Ethnology 1. J., 1994, 3 14~ J., ~150.

輥輯訛 % 2010~ % Northwestern Journal of Ethnology 1. J., 1994, 3 14~ J., ~150. 1001-5558 2012 01-0029-11 G75 A 12 BGA070049 07JHQ006 1. 50 J., 1999, 5 46~54. 2. J. 1998, 2 3~24.. J. 2008, 6 2 3~42. N. W. Journal of Ethnology 2012 1 72 2012.No.1 Total No.72 12 34 56 78 910 輥輯訛 2009

More information

GDP = + + SNA

GDP = + + SNA 许宪春 GDP GDP 0086 4 GDP = + + SNA 993 008 5 03 GDP GDP = + + = + + + + - GDP GDP GDP GDP GDP = + + - + - = + + + 3 6 3 4 5 3 4 5 008 38 0 5 0 3 008 SNA European Commission, International Monetary Fund,

More information

* CO3 A 1674-2486 2011 04-0005 - 18 P. 253 * 5 1. 1949 1991 1949 1991 6 2. 7 1 2001 2 2008 8 1 2 2008 11 http / /www. rnd. ncnu. edu. tw /hdcheng /method /ways. doc 2008 / 9 disciplinary matrix 1 1. 2001

More information

pc2-28目錄.doc

pc2-28目錄.doc 1 (319) Key Wordsteacher career ladder program, elementary and high school teacher (320) 2 (,1994,1997) 1986 1992 Skilbeck OECD( ),1995 1996 (321) 3 Burden,1982;,1996,1994 Fessler,1985;McDonald,1985;,1996,1995

More information

Tenure-track Tenure-track WTO Peer Effect 46

Tenure-track Tenure-track WTO Peer Effect 46 2004 ~ 2014 * 21 Tenure-track 2004 2004 Tenure-track * 45 2015 1 3 21 2003 Tenure-track Tenure-track WTO 2004 985 Peer Effect 46 2007 Tenure-track Tenure AAUP 1915 12 31 1 1940 7 1 Tenure-track 2 Tenure

More information

f 2 f 2 f q 1 q 1 q 1 q 2 q 1 q n 2 f 2 f 2 f H = q 2 q 1 q 2 q 2 q 2 q n f 2 f 2 f q n q 1 q n q 2 q n q n H R n n n Hessian

f 2 f 2 f q 1 q 1 q 1 q 2 q 1 q n 2 f 2 f 2 f H = q 2 q 1 q 2 q 2 q 2 q n f 2 f 2 f q n q 1 q n q 2 q n q n H R n n n Hessian 2012 10 31 10 Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerosace Engineering October Vol. 31 2012 No. 10 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 300387 2 300387 Matlab /Simulink Simulink TH112 A 1003-8728 2012 10-1664-06 Dynamics

More information

7 a x b (y) 2007a 7 b x b x y x b 2006a a 8 a. b. x. y. xb 8 a b x a x b y b x b x xb y a b 9 y b b x 11 a. b. x. y. xb Chao

7 a x b (y) 2007a 7 b x b x y x b 2006a a 8 a. b. x. y. xb 8 a b x a x b y b x b x xb y a b 9 y b b x 11 a. b. x. y. xb Chao 2008 6 * 2007a 2007a 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2007a a : b = x : y 7 a b x y a b x 2006a a b a a x a x y b * 2007 8 2008 5-6 General Research Fund GRF A Comparative Study of Definiteness in Chinese Dialects B-Q02H

More information

093THU doc

093THU doc ...1...1...2...5... 21...21...35...50... 58...58...69... 78...78...94...108...108...117...129...134....150.....183 Taaffe 1 1 Walter Christaller1933 Central Place Theory 196070 G. W. Skinner 1964-1965

More information

%

% * - - 100872 D815 A 1006-9550 2012 03-0004 - 16 * 10JJDGJW018 4 2012 3 1 10% 2 1 2 20 2007 2004 5 1988 2008 1-2011 1 2001 2003 2001 6 2012 3 20 Vikings - military /political power - 1 / / / 1-2011 - 2011

More information

BIBLID 0254-4466(2002)20:1 pp. 339-367 20 1 91 6 Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1712-1778 * 339 340 20 1 1 1854-1921 1881-1973 Dante Germino 1 2 1979 Marianne Bastid- Bruguière 1990 1991 6 1995 2 1995 2 1998 5

More information

The Meaning of Home to Older People NSC H SSS

The Meaning of Home to Older People NSC H SSS The Meaning of Home to Older People NSC 91-2412-H-004-007-SSS 91 8 1 92 10 31 4 4 5 6 7 7 11 14 16 16 17 25 25 26 27 27 30 34 37 67 69 73 75 1 2-1 9 2-2 12 3-1 20 3-2 20 3-3 21 3-4 21 3-5 22 3-6 22 3-7

More information

985 Journal of CUPL No.2 A Bimo nt hly Mar ch 2 0 1 0 ABSTRACTS Getting to the Root and Compromising China with the West: Rebuilding the Chinese Legal System 5 Yu Ronggen /Professor,

More information

% %

% % 2014 20 2 POPULATION & DEVELOPMENT Vol. 20 No. 2 2014 430073 2010 C913 A 1674-1668 2014 02-0033 - 11 The Analysis of the Social Security of Migrant Workers and Their Integration into Urban Society SHI

More information

2005 3,? :; ;, ;,,,,,,1 % %,,,,, 1 %,,,, : () ;, ;,,,,,,,,,,,,, (2004) ( GBΠT ) 16 (2004), (2004) 47

2005 3,? :; ;, ;,,,,,,1 % %,,,,, 1 %,,,, : () ;, ;,,,,,,,,,,,,, (2004) ( GBΠT ) 16 (2004), (2004) 47 : 3 ( 100836) :,, : :,,,,,,,,,,, ; (),,,,,??,??,,?,? 1982 1995,?,,?, 3 (2004) (Harry X. Wu) ;(:Measuring Output of Service Sector in China ; :16913107) (:; :70273058), 46 2005 3,? :; ;, ;,,,,,,1 % 1987

More information

50 :, :,,,,, 1959,,,,, 1962 (, 1993 ;, 1999), ( ) (Lin, 1990), 1959 (,1995) (food availability decline,fad) , (,1988) (Chang & Wen,1997 ; Yan

50 :, :,,,,, 1959,,,,, 1962 (, 1993 ;, 1999), ( ) (Lin, 1990), 1959 (,1995) (food availability decline,fad) , (,1988) (Chang & Wen,1997 ; Yan 2003 2 Abstract :This paper is aimed to explain the huge famine from 1959 to 1961. The literature on this topic paid much attention to the trigger mechanism rather than the persistency of the famine. Obviously

More information

68 ( ) 2006,,,,,,,,,, (narrative history),,, [1 ] (P ),,,,,,, [ 2 ] ( P ), ;,,,,,,,,,,,,,, (1917),, 30,,,, :,, ;,,,,, ( ) ( ), :,,,,,,,,,,

68 ( ) 2006,,,,,,,,,, (narrative history),,, [1 ] (P ),,,,,,, [ 2 ] ( P ), ;,,,,,,,,,,,,,, (1917),, 30,,,, :,, ;,,,,, ( ) ( ), :,,,,,,,,,, 43 2 2006 3 ( ) Journal of Peking University( Philo sophy and Social Science s) Vol. 43, No. 2 Mar. 2006 (, 100871) :,,,,,,,,,, : ; ; ; : I20616 :A :100025919 (2006) 0220067211,,,, 20,, (, ),,,,,,, ( ),,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

More information

,,,,,Modigliani - Miller Bernanke, Gertler Gilchrist 1996,, Bernanke, Gertler Gilchrist ( ) ( ),,,, Bernanke, Gertler Gilchrist (1999),,, RBC, Bernank

,,,,,Modigliani - Miller Bernanke, Gertler Gilchrist 1996,, Bernanke, Gertler Gilchrist ( ) ( ),,,, Bernanke, Gertler Gilchrist (1999),,, RBC, Bernank RBC 3 (, 100871) RBC,, RBC,, ; ; F83015 A 1002-7246(2005) 04-0016 - 15 RBC,, Modigliani - Miller (1958 ),, RBC,, RBC,?? Gertler 1988, Fisher Keynes,,,,,,,,,, 2005-03 - 05 (1978 - ),,, (1970 - ),,,, 3 Chi

More information

2012 2 157 No. 2 2012 Jinan Journal Philosophy and Social Sciences Sum No. 157 100871 I127. 41 A 1000-5072 2012 02-0002 - 10 4 1 1 2 1540 1503 2 2011-06 - 27 1969 1 1985 19 2 3 1997 1998 3 2 34 2 3 1540

More information

2 The Abolishment of Family Clans and Family Names Around the May-4 th Campaign Abstract Hsi-mei Hung * The Chinese society is traditionally based on

2 The Abolishment of Family Clans and Family Names Around the May-4 th Campaign Abstract Hsi-mei Hung * The Chinese society is traditionally based on 1 2 The Abolishment of Family Clans and Family Names Around the May-4 th Campaign Abstract Hsi-mei Hung * The Chinese society is traditionally based on paternity and is thus formed on the long-tested social

More information

國家圖書館典藏電子全文

國家圖書館典藏電子全文 i ii Abstract The most important task in human resource management is to encourage and help employees to develop their potential so that they can fully contribute to the organization s goals. The main

More information

1990-1997 1980-1997 Abstract The relationship between human resource development and economy increase has been an important research item with the coming of knowledge economy. In this paper, ahead item

More information

A

A 33 4 2015 07 Tribune of Political Science and Law Vol. 33 No. 4 July. 2015 * 114 1. 2010 2009 2 20 2009 41 2009 3 31 1500 2009 7 9 2009 6 30670000 30671001 30671002 2009 10 26 2009 7 2009 6 2009 12 28

More information

The Six Dynasties to Live in Seclusion the Culture Newly to Change Huang Wei-Lun Assistant Professor, Department of Literature, National Kaohsiung Nor

The Six Dynasties to Live in Seclusion the Culture Newly to Change Huang Wei-Lun Assistant Professor, Department of Literature, National Kaohsiung Nor 2007 12 1-26 1 The Six Dynasties to Live in Seclusion the Culture Newly to Change Huang Wei-Lun Assistant Professor, Department of Literature, National Kaohsiung Normal University Abstract This article

More information

國立中山大學學位論位典藏.pdf

國立中山大學學位論位典藏.pdf 1 2 3 Abstract This research framework stems from the basic principles of the administrative law, the administrative organization, the administrative limits of authority, the administrative relief and

More information

WTO GDP 9.4% GDP 8.1% , , % 15.7% ( 1999) (GATT)

WTO GDP 9.4% GDP 8.1% , , % 15.7% ( 1999) (GATT) WTO 1 WTO (1) (2) (3) WTO (4) WTO (5) WTO (6) WTO WTO 1 yangihsun@yahoo.com.tw 1 WTO 1979 1979 2003 GDP 9.4% GDP 8.1% 2003 8512.1 4,383.7 4,128.4 1978 97.5 108.9 25 16.4% 15.7% 2003 2 20 1 2 3 4 5 ( 1999)

More information

-, 1944,1948,1960,,, - ( ), ,96 % ; , 80 %, % 60,,, % 70,, 50 90, 20 % 33 % ; 1991, 10 % 1986,80 % ; 78, 21 % 22 %

-, 1944,1948,1960,,, - ( ), ,96 % ; , 80 %, % 60,,, % 70,, 50 90, 20 % 33 % ; 1991, 10 % 1986,80 % ; 78, 21 % 22 % 1999 4 1971 1988,,, ;,,,, ; (1608 1760 ), ; (1760 1867 ), ;,, ; (1867 ), 91. 6 %,,,,,, 30 -, 1944,1948,1960,,, - ( ), 1945 1960,96 % ;1962 1967, 80 %,1968 1976 56 % 60,,, 1971 5 % 70,, 50 90, 20 % 33 %

More information

a b

a b 38 3 2014 5 Vol. 38 No. 3 May 2014 55 Population Research + + 3 100038 A Study on Implementation of Residence Permit System Based on Three Local Cases of Shanghai Chengdu and Zhengzhou Wang Yang Abstract

More information

BIBLID 0254-4466(2001)19:2 pp. 249-279 19 2 90 12 1161-1189 1115-1234 120 1161-1189 * 249 250 19 2 1 1261 1265 2 3 1 1985 2 404 2 1962 32 10-11 1967 81 1 3 Hok-lam Chan, Legitimation in Imperial China:

More information

22 1~ ~ ~ ~ ~ :58 31~ ~ (2007),,, 48(3), ~

22 1~ ~ ~ ~ ~ :58 31~ ~ (2007),,, 48(3), ~ FAN CHIH-WEN 2006.8~2012.8 2006.8~2011.7 * SCI EI SSCI A&HCI 2001 15 2001 (52:5) 162-175 2001 268 69-73 200220 2002421 56-60 2004 12(1) 29-502006 TSSCI 2004 30 2004/3 200453 3130-143. 2004 Waldorfschule

More information

when they have the children custody which is a better legislation to equilibrize the children's mothers' fathers'and stepfathers'status rights and ben

when they have the children custody which is a better legislation to equilibrize the children's mothers' fathers'and stepfathers'status rights and ben 33 11 Vol. 3 3 No. 11 2 0 1 5 1 1 Hebei Law Science Nov. 2 0 1 5 DOI 10. 16494 /j. cnki. 1002-3933. 2015. 11. 010 1 2 1. 150040 2. 150080 DF51 A 1002-3933 2015 11-0085-16 The Judicial Trial Empirical Analysis

More information

Lewis

Lewis 2011 6 World Economic Papers December, 2011 * 2005 2010 2005 * 985 email jadeyyx@ 163. com 600 200433 985 email zhangping_4@ sina. com 985 2011SHKXZD003 2011M500711 20110490654 11CJL024 2011 6 33 Lewis

More information

,,,,,, (William Parish) , 2865, : (1966 ) 20,,, 20, :,, :,, (Destratification) (Parish,1984 :84-120), 1983 (N = 1774) (Xie &Lin, 1986) 19

,,,,,, (William Parish) , 2865, : (1966 ) 20,,, 20, :,, :,, (Destratification) (Parish,1984 :84-120), 1983 (N = 1774) (Xie &Lin, 1986) 19 2004 4 Abstract :Depending on the data of The Changing of China s Social Structure in 2001, this paper analyses the attainment of Chinese social status of different historical period by linear regression

More information

56 3 2016 5 Jilin University Journal Social Sciences Edition Vol. 56 No. 3 May 2016 2015-12 - 26 DOI 10. 15939 /j. jujsse. 2016. 03. 007 200082 1 341-344 68 2 3 119 4 147-148 5 7 5 4 69 2016 3 6 7 8 2

More information

The Idea Changing of Father & Son between Two Dynasty Chou Wan-Yu Kao* Abstract Chinese is proud of its country with courtesy and justice. The courtes

The Idea Changing of Father & Son between Two Dynasty Chou Wan-Yu Kao* Abstract Chinese is proud of its country with courtesy and justice. The courtes * 92 2 14 92 6 3 * The Idea Changing of Father & Son between Two Dynasty Chou Wan-Yu Kao* Abstract Chinese is proud of its country with courtesy and justice. The courtesy means everyone s behavior should

More information

中國飲食色彩初探

中國飲食色彩初探 37 The Introduction of Colors on Chinese Food and Drinks Tzong-Ho Yeh Abstract From the relationships between nature and human beings, food is human being s best activity on the example of nature s humanization.

More information

untitled

untitled Improving Students' English Learning In The Institute of Technical & Vocational Education By The Strategies of TQM A Case Study of South Taiwan University of Technology NSC 93-2516-S-218-003 930801 950731

More information

5 05 5 Journal of Peking University Philosophy and Social Sciences Vol. 5No. May 05 0087 I 07. A 000-599 05 0-07- 4 5 05-0-0 4 5 96 6 994 4 008 408 409 8 05 979 984 96 5 9 987 55 006 67 0 05 00 987 57

More information

World Congress of Partisans of Peace World Peace Council The Social Function of Science 1949 The Freedom of Necessity 19 Scie

World Congress of Partisans of Peace World Peace Council The Social Function of Science 1949 The Freedom of Necessity 19 Scie 1939 1954 1959 John D. Bernal 1901-1971 X 1934 X 1937 Birkbeck College 1945 1949 - Frédéric Joliot-Curie Sage of Science 1920 Ogden's Bookshop [Goldsmith 1980, p. 27] 1900-1958 World Congress of Partisans

More information

2011 6 46 57-114 whchi@mail.nhu.edu.tw NSC 98-2410-H-343-025 2010/7/27 2011/3/9 58 60 1 2 Taiwanese Journal of Sociology, June 2011, 46: 57-114 Transformation of the Publicness in the Field of Popular

More information

1

1 Activity- based Cost Management: A New Mode of Medical cost Management () 1 Activity - based Cost Management A New Mode of Medical cost Management Abstract With the development of medical market, the defects

More information

001柯正峰.PDF

001柯正峰.PDF 1 (73) (74) 2 (Hasan,1996) 3 (75) (Parson,1999) (,1996) (mega-community) (76) 4 (Galbraith,1990) Brookfield,1983 F.Tonnies gemeinschaft 5 (77) gesellschaft (means-ends) (Galbraith, 1990) (78) 6 7 (79)

More information

瑏瑡 B ~ 瑏瑡

瑏瑡 B ~ 瑏瑡 210093 1200 K928. 6 A 1005-605X 2014 04-0059- 10 The Taihu Lake Basin in the Regional History Study Jiangnan or West Zhejiang GAO Yi - fan FAN Jin - min History Department Nanjing University Nanjing 210093

More information

(domestic crime) (World Trade Organization, WTO) ( 94 89) (Washington Post) ( )

(domestic crime) (World Trade Organization, WTO) ( 94 89) (Washington Post) ( ) 5 1 2 1 3 ( ) 19 15 6 5 4 300 300 600 471 78.5% ( NSC 91-2414-H-015-009-SSS) 137 (domestic crime) 90 1 91 (World Trade Organization, WTO) ( 94 89) (Washington Post) 2001 12 31 1 1 15 2000 12 27 ( 90.1.1)

More information

3 : 121,, [1 ] (Stage Theory),,,,,,, 1 :, ;,,,,, 1 :11, 6,116 ; , 2003 ; 31 = Π ; 2, 1996 ;1996,,2000, Walt Rostow (1960, 1971), A. F. K. Organ

3 : 121,, [1 ] (Stage Theory),,,,,,, 1 :, ;,,,,, 1 :11, 6,116 ; , 2003 ; 31 = Π ; 2, 1996 ;1996,,2000, Walt Rostow (1960, 1971), A. F. K. Organ 44 3 2007 5 ( ) Journal of Peking University( Philo sophy and Social Science s) Vol. 44, No. 3 May. 2007 1 2, (11, 100871 ; 21, ) :,,, :11,, ;21, ;31,, ; : ; ; ; :F121 :A :100025919 (2007) 0320120212,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

More information

國立中山大學學位論文典藏.PDF

國立中山大學學位論文典藏.PDF 2000 ... 1 1.1... 1 1.2... 3 1.3... 3 1.4... 4 1.4.1... 4 1.4.2... 4 1.5... 6 1.5.1... 6 1.5.2... 6... 7 2.1... 7 2.2... 10 2.2.1... 10 2.2.2... 11 2.3... 14 2.3.1... 14 2.3.2... 17 2.4... 22... 26 3.1...

More information

2014 6 No. 6 2014 Journal of Sichuan University Social Science Edition 195 Sum No. 195 610064 K26 A 1006-0766 2014 06-0031-13 1 20 2 3 4 1971 1 7 2004 171 2 2006 44 3 1994 6-9 31-36 4 1 51 336-337 31 195

More information

Keywords: social movement, resource mobilization theory, the logic of Clausewitzian action, democratization, opposition movement The Semisovereign People The Other Taiwan

More information