( 2011) Shirley and Walsh(2001) ( 2011; 2011; 2010) ( 2010; 2011; 2012)??? 2003 ; ( ) ( ) : ( )26.8%; 18

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1 (297 ) China Industrial Economics Dec No ( ; ; ) [ ] : 36 ; [ ] ; ; ; [ ]F424.7 [ ]A [ ] X(2012) ( 2009; 2001; 1995; 1998; 2011) ( 2009; 2000; 2007; 2010) ( 2010; 2004) [ ] [ ] ( ); ( 12BJL011); ( 09YJA790124) [ ] (1964 ) ; (1977 ) ; (1971 ) 57

2 ( 2011) Shirley and Walsh(2001) ( 2011; 2011; 2010) ( 2010; 2011; 2012)??? 2003 ; ( ) ( ) : ( )26.8%; ( )49%; ( )38.1% 2 ;2 ; ( 2006) ( ) (2011) (CRn) (HHI)

3 ( 2011) ( 2011) 1 X1: X2: X3: X4: X5: X23: X24: X25: X26: X27: X6: X7: X8: X28 X9: X10: X29: X30: X11: () X31: X12: X32: X13: X14: X15: X33: X16: X34: X17: X18: X19: X35: X36: X20: X21: X37: X22: : ( 2012) 2. :E=(x 1 +x 2 + +x n ) (q 1 +q 2 + +q n ) E x q? : DEA Malmquist ( 2011; 2002) ( 2011) ( 2011) ( 2010; 2012; 2005) 59

4 1 : 12 6 ( ) ; : V i = S i S i X 軍 V i X 軍 ; V i A1: ( ) A2: ( ) A3: ( ) A4: ( ) A5: ( ) A6: ( ) A7: (%) A8: (%) A9: (%) A10: (/) A11: (%) A12: (%) ( 3) Cronbach α α 0.788F α 0.7P

5 4 A7 A4 A ; A5 A8 A A1: A2: A3: A4: A5: A6: A7: A8: A10: A11: 4 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A10 A ; ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (%) (%) (/) (%)

6 : (X9) % 5.56% 2003 : ; ; % 5.96%; % 11.36% K- 37 : ( 7) % (X17) (X35) 49.7%48.2% 9.53%8.48%; 2010 (X18) (X25) (X34) % (X37)( 18.6%4.51%) (X3) ( 21.1%12.01%) (X7) ( 19.6%4.66%) (X13)( 20.1%9.67%) 62

7 6 X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 X10 X11 X12 X (%) X14 X15 X16 X17 X18 X19 X20 X21 X22 X23 X24 X25 X (%) X27 X28 X29 X30 X31 X32 X33 X34 X35 X36 X (%) T : x 軃 = 1 Σx T i ; 姨 T-1 r 軃 = 仪 x i /x i-1 T i=2-1 i= (X9) 63

8 7 X1: X2: X17: X18: X24: X25: 10 X29: X34: X35: X36: X3: X4: X6: X7: X8: X13: X14: X19: X20: X21: X22: X23: X26: X27: X28 19 X30: X31: X33: X37: X5: X9: X10: X11: () X12: X15: X16: 8 X32: 3.01% (X5) 17.0%4.52% (X9) ; ( 2010)?

9 ; ; 2. 8 : X *C ; 0.317*C (X1) 8 2 (X2) (X35);5 (X1) (X17) (X29) (X31) (X34); (X4) (X36) (X37) (X6) (X7) (X8);4 ; 10 65

10 8 M M M M M M X *C 0.317*C X *C 0.359*AC X *B *AB X *C 0.265*AC X *AC X *C 0.298*AC X *C 0.302*AC X *AC X *AC X *C 0.427*AC X *C 0.411*AC X *C 0.413*AC X *C 0.293*AC X *C 0.322*AC X *C 0.286*AC X *C 0.363*AC X *AC X *C 0.293*AC X *AC 0.210*A X *C 0.309*C X *AC 0.189*A X *AC X *AC X *AB X *C 0.253*AC X *AC X *C 0.286*AC X *AC X *C 0.235*AC X *C X *AC X *BC 0.322*C X *C 0.406*C X *C 0.339*AC X *C 0.380*AC X *C 0.239*AC X *C 0.277*AC : 0.05A B C ( : X1) ( : X13)2 ; 34 66

11 9 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X ?? :1 2 3? : :1 36 ;2 67

12 ; 3 ;4 : (X2) (X1) (X17) ; (X24) (X13) () (X11) ; (X9) (X35) (X36) (X37) (X22) (X26) (X33) 23 1 Shirley M. Walsh P. Public vs. Private Ownership[R]. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper [J]. 2009(4). 68

13 3. [J]. 2001(10). 4. [J]. 1995(7). 5. : [J]. 1998(1). 6. [J]. 2011(4). 7. [J]. 2009(3). 8. [J]. 2000(15). 9. [J]. 2007(8). 10. [J]. 2010(7). 11. [J]. 2010(1). 12. [J]. 2004(2). 13. [J]. 2011(2). 14. [J]. 2011(2). 15. [J]. 2011(2). 16. [J]. 2010(2). 17. [J]. 2010(10). 18. [J]. 2011(5) [J]. 2012(3). 20. [J]. 2006(1). 21. [N] [J]. 2012(3). 23 Bigsten Arne [J]. ( ) 2002(2). 24. [J]. 2005(2). 25. [J]. 2010(1). An Industry Inspection on the Efficiency of State-owned Industrial Enterprises HAO Shu-chen 1 TIAN Jin-fang 2 TAO Hu 3 (1. School of Public Finance and Taxation of SDUFE Jinan China; 2. School of Statistics of SDUFE Jinan China; 3. School of Business Administration of SDUFE Jinan China) Abstract: The paper analyses the efficiency of state-owned and state-controlled enterprises using entropy weight comprehensive evaluation method with 37 industrial sectors over the period and makes a comparative research with private enterprises and foreign & Hong Kong -Macao -Taiwan invested enterprises. The results show that the efficiency of state -owned industrial enterprises is growing year by year in 36 sectors. Compared with other types of ownership enterprises the level of efficiency of state-owned industrial enterprises is not lower than that of private enterprises in 7 sectors and achieves significantly higher than that of foreign-funded enterprises in 23 sectors. However the growth rate of efficiency of state -owned industrial enterprises is much higher than that of private enterprises in 21 sectors and more of foreign-funded enterprises in 34 sectors. The 37 sectors include both monopolized and competitive and sectors monopolized or not have no necessary link with efficiency and ownership. Therefore exiting of state-owned enterprises has no realistic basis at the present stage of China and the adjustment of industrial distribution of state -owned enterprises should be based on efficiency to optimize the configuration of state-owned capital. Key Words: state-owned industrial enterprises; industry efficiency; competitiveness; monopoly 责任编辑: 王燕梅 69