(,1999) ( 1) ( ) 1., : ( Gurr,1970) (Smelser,1962) (, 1995) (McCarthy & Zald,1977), : ; ( ) (context bounded rationality) (Victor Nee,1995 :10) :, ; (

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1 Abstract : This thesis attempts to do an empirical research of workers responses to the status deprivation in the process of State2owned Enterprises institutional transformations, especially the possibility of workers collective action, and analyzes the relationship between workers action choices and institutional environment, material environment, resource as well as goal in temporal under the hypothesis of workers as context bounded rationality agents. Formal institution and informal institution are the main institutional factors of shaping the workers action choices and the logic of action choices the logic of conforming to institution and the logic of subsistence. Main conclusions of the research are : there is no open and interests organized collective action under the condition of status deprivation in the process of institution transformation, i. e. un2collective action. Collective inaction is not the main politics of state2owned enterprises. Main response of action is obedience, exit, and individual voice ( socioeconomic attainment), Π :??, 3, ( 00CSH003 )

2 (,1999) ( 1) ( ) 1., : ( Gurr,1970) (Smelser,1962) (, 1995) (McCarthy & Zald,1977), : ; ( ) (context bounded rationality) (Victor Nee,1995 :10) :, ; (,1998),, :,, 2 ( 2) ( ) (, 1998) : : 4 5 ( ) : 2 A, 1938,1952,1956

3 2., A, , 2000 (2000 ) B1, B B 1980, B1 2207, C1 C, 1933, ( ), C , C1 1368, ( 1368 ) D,1996 : D1, D 43 %, 57 % ; 40 %, 60 % 2000 D2 D1 D2 400,D1 800, 1995, D 2100 E1 E E E : 3000, 1100, , E E E1 E, E E1, E1 ( E ) 1Π3 E E 600 ( E1 200 ) : 3

4 138 54, 12, 16, 40, , 150 :, ( ), % 309, % : (collective inaction), : (Ching Kwan Lee,1998), : 115 %, 619 %, 9116 % C1 A1 B1 E1 D2 B1,,, (Shyang6, ) D2 : ( GX5) : ( ) 50,, 7,, ( GX12,, ) : ( ),,, ( GX28),,, ( GX6,,37, ),,,, (Shanghai22,44, )? (Hirschman) (,2001) : 4 :

5 A1 :,,, 10,!?!,,,,,?,, (SYXJ IV 1) C1 D2 :,,?, (Shanghai2), 4 (2 ), D1,,, ( GX4),, C1,, ( ),, (Shanghai14)?,, ( GX30,,27, ),?,,,,,, (Shanghai4) :, : ( ),,,,, 7, 3,10 (TYYQ8-2) A1 : 100,70 % - 80 %, (SYXJ IV 18) B1 :,,, 5

6 75 %,,,,,,,, ( B1, 42 ) (Shyang6) : (voice),, D2 : ( ) ( GX22-1) C1 :,, (Shanghai19) D2 :, ( GX5), D2 E1 B1 C1 ( ) ( ),,,,,,,,, (Shanghai4) ( ), :, ; ( ), ( ) 6

7 , ( ) ( ) 1., A1,,, (SYXJ IV 6) A1 :, ( :?),,? (SYXJ IV 14),,,B1 :,,?,, (Shyang3),, 1993,D1,, ( ),,,, ( GX6), D2 : 7

8 ( ), ( ) ( GX9) C1 :,?,,,,, (Shanghai2) ( GX17), ( GX6 Shanghai5) ( GX9) 2. (repression)??,?,, ( ),,?,,?,, (Shanghai16,,48, ),,??,,?,???, (Shyang5,,29, ),, ( ),,, ( GX33), (Shanghai4) ( GX33),,,,, ( GX22, ) 8 D2 :,

9 ,,,,, ( GX28) ( ),,, ; ; ; ( ),,?, ( ), 85 % ; (SYXJ IV 16, ),,?,,?,,? (Shyang3, ) ( ) (Shyang1, ), ( ) ( ) ( ),, ( ),,, 9

10 ,,,,, B1,1992 :,,,,,,,,, (Shyang24),,, B,,, ( ) ( ),, B1 1954, ( B) , 400, : ( ),,,, ( ), 50,,,,, (Shyang9) ( ) :,, ,7211 %, %, , 260, % 170, % 290, %, % 10

11 1.,,, ( ),, ( ), XJ IV 4 Shyang7,,, TYYQ1 Shyang7 SYXJ IV (Walder,1986), 1990,?, : (SYXJ IV 13,,52, ),,,, (Shyang10,,38) 3, ;, 35 40, (SYXJ IV 16,,50, ) Shyang9 ( ) (, 1999),,,,,,, ( ),, (1) ; (2) 11

12 , 80 20,,, :, 1995,,,. O., 2001,,,,1998,,,,1999,,,, 1999,, 4, 2002, Erikson, Robert &John H. Goldthorpe 1992, The Constant Flux : A Study of Class Mobility in Industrial Societies, Oxford : Clarendon Press. Gurr, T. R. 1970, Why Men Rebel, Princeton, N. J. : Princeton University Press. Lee, Ching Kwan 1998, The Labor Politics of Market Socialism : Collective Inaction and Class Experiences among State Workers in Guangzhou. Modern China, Volume 24,Issue1 (Jan. ). McCarthy, M. N. & Zald, J. D. 1977, Resource Mobilization and Social Movements : A partial theory. American Journal of Sociology 82. Nee, Victor 1995, Sources of New Institutionalism. In Mary Brinton & Victor Nee, The New Institutionalism in Sociology. New York, Russell Sage Foundation. Smelser, Neil J. 1962, Theory of Collective Behavior, The Free Press, New York. Walder, Andrew 1986, Communist Neo2Traditionalism : Work and Authority in Chinese Industry, University of California Press. Wright E. O. 1997, Class Counts : Comparative Studies in Class Analysis, Cambridge University Press., : 12